Correlation between muscle strength and the degrees of functionality and kinesiophobia reported by patients with chronic hip pain

Gustavo Leporace Luiz Alberto Batista Leonardo Metsavaht Jorge Chahla Tainá Oliveira Liszt Palmeira de Oliveira About the authors

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to identify the association between hip muscle strength and the scores from subjective functional and psychological evaluation questionnaires in patients with chronic hip pain.

METHODS:

Fifty-fivepatients with painful hip injuries (30 males) performed isometric peak strength tests of the abductors, extensors, and internal and external rotators of the hips with a hand-held dynamometer. The degree of functionality was measured by the Hip Outcome Score (HOS) and Lower Extremity Functional Score (LEFS), pain was estimated by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and kinesiophobia was calculated using the Tampa questionnaire. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used (alfa=5%) to test the associations between the muscle strength and the scores from the questionnaires.

RESULTS:

There were significant correlations between the strength of all four hip muscles and the HOS (r>0.29). Only the hip external rotators showed a significant correlation with pain (r=-0.30). No significant correlations were found for LEFS (r<0.24) and Tampa questionnaires (r¬0.15).

CONCLUSION:

The reduction in peak strength of the hip extensors, abductors and external rotators was associated with a reduction in the level of hip functionality but did not correlate with neither the level of overall functionality of the lower limbs nor the degree of kinesiophobia. Also, a reduction of hip external rotators strength was related to an increase in the intensity of pain.

Keywords:
Hip joint; Muscle strength; Muscle strength dynamometer; Pain measurement; Quality of life

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