ANTIMICROBIAL SENSITIVITY PROFILE BY COMPONENTS OF BACTERIAL ORAL AND RETAL MICROBIOTA OF NON-HUMAN PRIMATES

Marcone Helmer Silva Hilma Lúcia Tavares Dias Ednaldo da Silva Filho Sarah Raphaela Rocha de Azevedo Scalercio Wellington Bandeira da Silva Roberto de Farias Espinheiro About the authors

Abstract

The aims of this work were to identify bacteria isolated from oral cavity and rectal ampoule in the Saimiri collinsi and Callithrix jacchus species and to determine the susceptibility profile to 16 anti-microbial. Thirty individuals of each species were analyzed and were isolated 136 bacteria in C. jacchus and 84 in S. collinsi. The isolated bacteria most frequent in S. collinsi were Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Raoutella ornithinolytica, Staphylococcus xylosus and Proteus mirabilis. The bacteria isolated in C. jacchus were K. pneumoniae, E. cloacae, E. coli, Serratia marcescens and S. xylosus in oral cavity and rectal ampoule. Results of sensibility tests demonstrated that among isolated strains from oral cavity and rectal ampoule the highest percentages of resistance were observed against ampicilin, amoxicilin, cephalothin and nitrofurantoin. The oral cavity in both species, the strains were sensitive to ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, meropenem, amikacin, levofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. In rectal ampoule the isolates were sensitive to cefoxitin, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, ertapenem, meropenem, amikacin and levofloxacin. Therefore, in S. collinsi e C. jacchus presented in their oral and rectal microbiota constituted by several bacteria species and that resistance may be a problem on captive, since that strains demonstrated high percentages of resistance to different anti-microbial.

Keywords:
Microbiology; Callithrix jacchus; Saimiri collinsi; Amazon; Antibiotics

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