Morphological components of with models of press wheel, vertical loads and irrigation blades

Jorge Wilson Cortez Carlos Eduardo Angeli Furlani Rouverson Pereira da Silva Victor Zeitoum About the authors

The objective of the present study was to evaluate three models of sowing press wheels, with two levels of vertical load and two irrigation blades during pre- and post-emergence periods of corn seedling. The experiment was carried out at UNESP in the city of Jaboticabal, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, with complete randomized design (DIC) on a 3x2x2 factorial scheme, combining three press wheels (plain rubber with groove, plain wheel with vein and double-angled wheel), with two levels of load (162 N and 260 N), two water contents (15 and 19 mm day-1) and three replicates. The parameters analyzed were: productivity, number of grains in the ear, mass of 100 grains, dry mass of plants, number of days until emergence, plan height, stem diameter of plants and insertion height of the first ear. The variable diameter of stem showed the best result under the influence of a larger water blade, different from the variable dry mass of plants. The insertion of the first ear was affected by the load used on the press wheel during sowing. The heavier the load the lower is the insertion height of the first ear. The wheel-blade interaction was significant or the number of grains variable.

Sowing; agricultural engineering; agricultural mechanization

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