Soybean growth in response to boron dosages, liming and soil texture

Rodinei Facco Pegoraro José Augusto dos Santos Neto Ivo Ribeiro da Silva Renildes Lúcio Ferreira Fontes Arlindo Ferreira de Faria Frederico Fonseca Moreira About the authors

This work aimed to quantify the dry matter production and the contents of B, Ca and Mg in soybean plants grown in soils with different textures, which received increasing doses of B, and liming. Additionally, it was correlated the B contents in the plants with the B recovered from the soil with boiling water and CaCl2. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse in a factorial 3 x 2 x 6 (three soils: sand texture (RQ), loamy sand (LVA1) and clayey (LVA2) textures; with and without liming; and six B doses: 0; 1,5; 3; 6; 9 and 15 mg dm-3) arranged in a entirely randomized block design with three replications. It was determined the soil B extracted with boiling water and CaCl2 45 days after the addition of the B doses to the soil. The shoots dry matter weight and theer B contents in the soybean plants were determined. The mean concentrations of B recovered by both boiling water and boiling CaCl2 were similar for the three soils and were highly correlated with the B contents in the plants and with the dry matter production. The B doses added increased B concentration in the plants, but they decreased dry matter production in the RQ soil, and in the LVA 1 and LVA2 soils with liming. The detrimental effect of high B in the dry matter production was lowered in the soils with higher clay and organic matter concentrations.

Glycine max L.; B concentration; boiling water; boiling CaCl2

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