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DEVELOPMENT OF A SOFTWARE PROTOTYPE BASED ON THE HEALTH BOOKLET OF THE ELDERLY PERSON

ABSTRACT

Objective:

to describe the development of a software prototype based on the Health Booklet for the Elderly, using Heuristic Evaluation to analyze its usability.

Method:

applied technological development research, using Nielsen’s Heuristic Evaluation as a way of carrying out usability analysis, which began in November 2021 in Juiz de Fora and São João Del Rei.

Results:

the initial prototype has 5 screens, which contain some relevant data for the health care of the elderly, such as age, comorbidities, and history of allergies. The elderly will be able to edit their personal data, but only professionals will be able to include the patient’s health data, with the aim of making it more reliable.

Conclusion:

The use of this application will help to update and advance the use of technologies aimed at health care and will bring benefits to health systems and users.

DESCRIPTORS:
Health of the Elderly; Information Technology; Health Technology Assessment; Technological Development; Comprehensive Health Care.

RESUMO:

Objetivo:

descrever o desenvolvimento de um protótipo de software baseado na Caderneta de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa, utilizando a Avaliação Heurística para análise de sua usabilidade.

Método:

pesquisa aplicada de desenvolvimento tecnológico, utilizando a Avaliação Heurística de Nielsen como forma de realizar a análise de usabilidade, iniciada em novembro de 2021 em Juiz de Fora e São João Del Rei.

Resultados:

o protótipo inicial conta com 5 telas, que contêm alguns dados relevantes para o cuidado em saúde da pessoa idosa, como idade, comorbidades e histórico de alergias. Os idosos conseguirão fazer a edição dos dados pessoais, mas somente os profissionais conseguirão incluir os dados de saúde dos pacientes, com o objetivo de torná-los mais fidedignos.

Conclusão:

a utilização deste aplicativo contribuirá para atualizar e avançar com o uso de tecnologias voltadas para o cuidado em saúde, e que trará benefícios para os sistemas de saúde e para os usuários.

DESCRITORES:
Saúde do Idoso; Tecnologia da Informação; Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde; Desenvolvimento Tecnológico; Assistência Integral à; Saúde do Idoso.

RESUMEN

Objetivo:

describir el desarrollo de un prototipo de software basado en la Cartilla de Salud de la Persona Mayor, utilizando la Evaluación Heurística para analizar su usabilidad.

Método:

investigación aplicada de desarrollo tecnológico, utilizando la Evaluación Heurística de Nielsen como medio para realizar el análisis de usabilidad, iniciada en noviembre de 2021 en Juiz de Fora y São João Del Rei.

Resultados:

el prototipo inicial cuenta con 5 pantallas, que contienen algunos datos relevantes para el cuidado de la salud de las personas mayores, como la edad, las comorbilidades y el historial de alergias. Los ancianos podrán editar sus datos personales, pero sólo los profesionales podrán incluir los datos de salud del paciente, con el objetivo de hacerlo más fiable.

Conclusión:

El uso de esta aplicación contribuirá a actualizar y avanzar en el uso de las tecnologías destinadas a la atención sanitaria, y aportará beneficios a los sistemas de salud y a los usuarios.

DESCRIPTORES:
Salud del Anciano; Tecnología de la Información; Evaluación de la Tecnología Biomédica; Desarrollo Tecnológico; Atención Integral de Salud.

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Development of technology for the Multidimensional Assessment of Elderly People.

  2. Software based on the health booklet of the elderly person.

  3. Analysis of the software’s usability using Nielsen’s heuristics.

  4. Facilitating health care.

HIGHLIGHTS

  1. Development of technology for the Multidimensional Assessment of Elderly People.

  2. Software based on the health booklet of the elderly person.

  3. Analysis of the software’s usability using Nielsen’s heuristics.

  4. Facilitating health care.

INTRODUCTION

In line with the phenomenon of population aging, a reality in many countries around the world, including Brazil11 Borba Filho LFS, Siviero PCL, Myrrha LJD. O impacto demográfico e seus diferenciais por sexo nos custos assistenciais da saúde suplementar no Brasil. Cad Saúde Colet. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Apr. 11]; 29(esp.):28-39. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/1414-462X202199010299
https://doi.org/10.1590/1414-462X2021990...
, the increase in life expectancy has revealed changes in health conditions with a predominance of chronic non-communicable diseases22 Silva DSM, Assumpção D, Francisco PMDB, Yassuda MS, Neri AL, Borim FSA. Doenças crônicas não transmissíveis considerando determinantes sociodemográficos em coorte de idosos. Rev Bras Geriatr Gerontol. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2021 Apr. 11]; 25(5):e210204. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562022025.210204.pt
https://doi.org/10.1590/1981-22562022025...
. As a result, there is a prospect of long-term care that demands greater consumption of services, an increase in hospitalization rates and hospital stays. Thus, there is a need for increased debate around the sustainability of the health services offered33 Santos SL, Turra CM, Noronha K. Envelhecimento populacional e gastos com saúde: uma análise das transferências intergeracionais e intrageracionais na saúde suplementar brasileira. Rev Bras Estud Popul. [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2022 May 03]; 35(2):e0062. Available from: https://doi.org/10.20947/S102-3098a0062
https://doi.org/10.20947/S102-3098a0062...
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As a strategy to help care for this population group, the Brazilian Ministry of Health offers the Caderneta de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa, (in Portuguese) The Health Booklet of the Elderly Person, which enables longitudinal monitoring by recording the individual’s information from a clinical, psychosocial, and functional point of view. Currently, only the physical version of the booklet is available, and users must present it at their appointments44 Ministério da Saúde (BR). Orientações técnicas para a implementação de linha de cuidado para atenção integral à saúde da pessoa idosa no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) [Internet]. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2018 [cited 2021 Nov. 17]. 91p. Available from: https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/linha_cuidado_atencao_pessoa_idosa.pdf
https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicaco...
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Despite having been made available by the Ministry of Health since 2008, the Health Booklet of the Elderly Person is little used by the elderly and by health professionals. This is because professionals consider filling in the information to be complex and there is no training on how to use and incorporate this instrument into work routines. Professionals’ lack of training in dealing with the booklet has an impact on user adherence, as they also lack information and guidance on how to use it55 Ramos LV, Osório NB, Sinésio Neto L. Caderneta de saúde da pessoa idosa na atenção primária: uma revisão integrativa. Rev. Humanid. Inov. [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2022 Nov. 03]; 6(2):272-80. Available from: https://revista.unitins.br/index.php/humanidadeseinovacao/article/view/1008
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In Primary Health Care (PHC), the management of information produced in Elderly Health Care is carried out using paper-based evaluation instruments, with data records collected by different professionals, with little integration, which is insufficient for managing the care of this population66 Almeida PF, Medina MG, Fausto MCR, Giovanella L, Bousquat A, Mendonça MHM. Coordenação do cuidado e atenção primária à saúde no Sistema Único de Saúde. Saúde debate. [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2022 May 03]; 42(esp1):224-60. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-11042018S116
https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-11042018S11...
. This is a relevant point, given that one of the aspects cited by health professionals for low adherence to the use of the booklet is the insufficient time to fill it in during the consultation, associated with the low use of the booklet by all team members77 Dias JTLB, Silva LC, Pinheiro RBS, Santiago MLE, Silva FIC, Dias MV. The use of the elderly health booklet by health professionals as a comprehensive care instrument. Res. Soc. Dev. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Nov. 03]; 11(4). Available from: https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i4.27205
https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i4.27205...
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From this perspective, technologies have emerged as a solution for managing the information produced in the Health Care for the Elderly, making the practice safer and more qualified. They are a tool to facilitate communication between professionals, users, and health services88 Barros ENL, Farias PS, Lourenço AKR, Pontes AN, Alves Junior MM, Silva JM. O uso das tecnologias auxiliadoras à saúde: desafios e benefícios. Diversitas J. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Apr. 11]; 6(1):698-712. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17648/diversitas-journal-v6i1-1472
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, as well as being a strategy to save time in carrying out activities and financial resources, which is essential when it comes to the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS)99 Costa LAS, Botelho NM. Aplicativos móveis e a saúde pública brasileira: uma revisão integrativa. RCO. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2022 Apr. 11]; 3:172-87. Available from: https://doi.org/10.25112/rco.v3i0.2144
https://doi.org/10.25112/rco.v3i0.2144...
-1010 Oliveira LB, Vilhena BJ, Freitas RN, Bastos ZRG, Teixeira E, Menezes EG, et al. Aplicativos móveis no cuidado em Saúde: uma revisão integrativa. Rev Enferm Atual In Derme. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2022 Apr. 11]; 93(31):e-020047. Available from: https://doi.org/10.31011/reaid-2020-v.93-n.31-art.760
https://doi.org/10.31011/reaid-2020-v.93...
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In view of this, the aim of this study is to describe the development of a software prototype based on the Health Booklet of the Elderly Person, using Heuristic Evaluation1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994. to analyze its usability, with the aim of optimizing and encouraging adherence to the use of this instrument in health service routines.

METHOD

This is an applied technological development research project that describes the prototype of a software program based on the Health Booklet of the Elderly Person, using Heuristic Evaluation1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994. as a way of analyzing its usability.

The development of the first prototype began in November 2021, and since then it has been adjusted and modified to meet the needs of adaptation for better use and enjoyment of the software. The research was carried out in the cities of Juiz de Fora and São João Del Rei, including researchers and members of the research groups involved in developing the software.

The technology has been developed in partnership between researchers from the Intelligent Systems Laboratory at the Federal University of São João Del Rei (UFSJ) and the Study and Research Group on Policies, Technologies, and Ageing at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, both in Minas Gerais. The development is based on the Health Booklet of the Elderly Person made physically available by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, in line with the aims of the National Elderly Person’s Health Policy1212 Ministério da Saúde (BR). Portaria n. 2.528 de 19 de outubro de 2006. Aprova a Política Nacional de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa. Diário Oficial da União; 2006. and contributing to the Implementation of the Line of Care for Comprehensive Elderly Health Care in the SUS44 Ministério da Saúde (BR). Orientações técnicas para a implementação de linha de cuidado para atenção integral à saúde da pessoa idosa no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) [Internet]. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde; 2018 [cited 2021 Nov. 17]. 91p. Available from: https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/linha_cuidado_atencao_pessoa_idosa.pdf
https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicaco...
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An agile development methodology was used to manage the technology construction project, which takes place in four recurring stages: i) identifying the problem; ii) surveying the state of the art; iii) proposing new solutions; iv) validating the proposed solutions.

In the first stage, a survey of the research problem was carried out based on the practice of the professionals involved and associated with a survey of the state of the art related to the subject, making up the second stage. From this, the first prototype model was developed, making up the third stage of the technology construction process. The fourth stage was the process of validating the prototype through heuristic evaluation, allowing it to be reformulated with the adjustments suggested by the evaluators.

The management format used was incremental and iterative models, which break down the solution to be delivered into smaller objects and implement a predictive cycle in each object separately so that the solution developed expands with each iteration of the process1313 Almeida ES, Santoro FM, organizadores. 41ª Jornada de Atualização em Informática. [Internet]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação; 2022 [cited 2023 Aug. 22]. 199 p. Available from: https://sol.sbc.org.br/livros/index.php/sbc/catalog/view/93/412/683-1
https://sol.sbc.org.br/livros/index.php/...
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To generate a navigable prototype, MockFlow software was used, which has simple, easy-to-use tools and makes it possible to create sketches of new websites and applications.

As this is a prototype, a validation process with health professionals and the elderly will be necessary before implementation in health services. However, the initial evaluation based on the heuristics was carried out by 8 researchers and 12 members of the research group, aged between 25 and 65, with the aim of making the software simple and suitable for later validation with users.

Of the 20 evaluators, 4 were male genders and 16 female genders. Their educational backgrounds were nursing (n=17), Computer Science (n=2) and Nutrition (n=1). The qualifications of the researchers involved are doctorate (n=5), postgraduate course - doctorate (n=4), master’s degree (n=1), postgraduate course - master’s degree (n=6), postgraduate course - residency (n=1) and graduation student (n=3).

The evaluation took place through the availability of access to the prototype for the team involved, who analyzed each screen based on a checklist containing the heuristics and their meaning. In addition, we provided a space for the evaluator to report observations to improve and achieve usability.

The term usability is commonly used in studies evaluating human-computer interaction. A usable system should be easy to use, effective, efficient and improve productivity, with little or no possibility of errors during use and pleasant, bringing satisfaction to those who use it1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994..

One of the ways of analyzing the usability of systems is through Heuristic Evaluation1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994., which seeks to assess the needs of users and the difficulties they face when using technologies, with the objective of finding flaws in this interaction between users, programs, and applications, through guidelines that will help identify irregularities in websites and/ or applications1414 Main AS de, Xie B, Shiroma K, Yeh T, Davis N, Han X. Assessing the effects of ehealth tutorials on older adults’ ehealth literacy. J Appl Gerontol. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 41(7):1675-85. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/07334648221088281
https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464822108828...
. In addition, this evaluation makes it possible to identify problems during program development, allowing them to be revised and adapted during the creation and testing process, providing a better quality of usability for end consumers, making humancomputer interaction easier and more efficient.

To evaluate the usability of the prototype, we used Nielsen’s method1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994., which consists of ten heuristics that are the principles of interaction between users, programs, and applications, as shown in Chart 1.

Chart 1
Nielsen’s ten heuristics. Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil, 2022

RESULTS

The problem identification stage took place through the practical activities carried out by researchers working in PHC in the municipality of Juiz de Fora, who identified low adherence to the use of the booklet. Associated with this, the second stage was a survey of the state of the art related to the topic, which pointed out that professionals have low adherence to the use of the Caderneta de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa in Basic Health Units due to the difficulty of filling in the information, associated with insufficient time during consultations to fill it in, the lack of training in the use of the instrument, influencing adherence to the use of the instrument77 Dias JTLB, Silva LC, Pinheiro RBS, Santiago MLE, Silva FIC, Dias MV. The use of the elderly health booklet by health professionals as a comprehensive care instrument. Res. Soc. Dev. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Nov. 03]; 11(4). Available from: https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i4.27205
https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i4.27205...
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The third and fourth stages took place concurrently, through the development of the prototype as a response to the problem identified, along with the validation processes that were applied during the construction of the prototype, its revision and reformulation.

The prototype has two versions of the application, one aimed at elderly users and the other at health professionals. The version for health professionals has more possibilities for including and altering health data, with the aim of guaranteeing more reliable information and standardizing the language. The elderly will have access to the information but will be able to make alterations to their social profile.

Regarding the system’s visibility and status heuristic, the initial prototype has five screens, which contain some data relevant to the health care of the elderly. The first page refers to the process of logging in to the application. Users, whether health professionals or elderly people, who do not have an active login to the software are taken to page 2 when they click on new registration. From there, you will be able to register yourself by filling in basic information such as name, Individual Taxpayer Registration Number (Certificado de Pessoa Física -CPF, in Portuguese) or National Health Card (Cartão Nacional de Saúde- CNS, in Portuguese), creating a password and whether you are a health professional.

Figure 1 shows the comparison between two registration screens developed, the first being the initial version and the second after the modifications made based on the heuristic evaluation.

Figure 1
Comparison between the initial screens of the application for logging in and/or registering, before and after evaluating the heuristics and adjustments. Juiz de Fora,MG, Brazil, 2022

After registering on the platform and accessing the account, users are directed to a home screen, where they can interact with the features the program has to offer. In the case of elderly users, they will have access to creating their own booklet by filling in personal and social information, while the elderly person’s health information must be filled in and updated by a health professional. The data registered on the platform is saved and can be viewed by both professionals and the elderly and can be used to monitor their health situation.

The home page of the software for the elderly is made up of personal data, as well as the user’s main health information, such as the Basic Health Unit of reference, allergies, blood group and Rh factor and whether they have any type of disability or chronic illness. The elderly will have free access to edit their personal data, such as address and telephone number. This screen will also appear to health professionals when they search for the elderly person in question, and they will be able to update and enter the elderly person’s health information.

The health professionals’ home screen shows a list of the booklets of all the elderly people they are monitoring. On this page, the health professional can add new booklets, view and edit pre-existing booklets. It also has a booklet search bar so that the professional can find the user quickly in the system. This functionality also corresponds to the system’s visibility and status heuristic. Figure 2 shows a comparison between the first version developed for the health professionals’ home screen and the second version after applying the heuristics.

Figure 2
Comparison between the health professional’s initial screens, with the list of users’ booklets that they attended before and after applying the heuristics and adjustments. Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil, 2022

Considering the software’s objectives of being easy to use and being able to speed up the recording of information during appointments, we developed the tools to edit the instrument in a simplified way, so that users and health professionals can quickly identify the information they need and change it. In addition to ease of access and editing, the software also has audio functionalities, whereby you can listen to the information on the screen and enter your data via the microphone’s audio input, which corresponds to the heuristic of flexibility and efficiency of use. Figure 3 shows the initial page of the notebook when it is enabled for editing and its functionalities.

Figure 3
Notebook editing page and its functionalities. Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil, 2022

The prototype considers information that is important for the elderly person’s health, such as blood pressure and blood glucose checks, as well as a list of medications used, previous surgeries and a history of hospitalizations. In addition, there will be a space dedicated to vaccination records, which will include an alert about the need for new vaccinations and boosters. This information can be accessed by users, but only professionals will be authorized to make changes.

Chart 2 describes the results of the technology evaluation based on Nielsen’s heuristics1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994..

Chart 2
Evaluation of Nielsen’s ten heuristics in the prototype developed. Juiz de Fora, MG, Brazil, 2022

DISCUSSION

The use of health technologies around the world has been shown to be a tool to assist in health care, seeking to improve its efficiency88 Barros ENL, Farias PS, Lourenço AKR, Pontes AN, Alves Junior MM, Silva JM. O uso das tecnologias auxiliadoras à saúde: desafios e benefícios. Diversitas J. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Apr. 11]; 6(1):698-712. Available from: https://doi.org/10.17648/diversitas-journal-v6i1-1472
https://doi.org/10.17648/diversitas-jour...
. From this perspective, we confirm the importance and benefits that the Computerized Health Booklet of the Elderly Person will bring to this population and to health services and their professionals.

We were able to identify the presence of the principles of Nielsen’s Heuristic Evaluation1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994. in the development of the software. The visibility of the system is clear and objective, the user can see where their data will be entered and identify the buttons that need to be clicked, given that they are defined and identified. This principle is relevant as older people are less likely to engage with health-related information products and services and need effective interventions to harness the potential of health technology1414 Main AS de, Xie B, Shiroma K, Yeh T, Davis N, Han X. Assessing the effects of ehealth tutorials on older adults’ ehealth literacy. J Appl Gerontol. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 41(7):1675-85. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/07334648221088281
https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464822108828...
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Regarding the health professionals’ screen, which provides a list of monitored users, there was an important change after the heuristic evaluation was carried out. We changed the language because although most professionals are more familiar with the language, we tried to standardize it and make navigation simpler and more intuitive. We also tried to make the design more minimalist, following the patterns of the other screens.

In addition, the application has a simple language in which the user can clearly identify the information, corroborating the fact that health technology for the elderly must be properly designed1414 Main AS de, Xie B, Shiroma K, Yeh T, Davis N, Han X. Assessing the effects of ehealth tutorials on older adults’ ehealth literacy. J Appl Gerontol. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 41(7):1675-85. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1177/07334648221088281
https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464822108828...
. Changing the language after applying the heuristic evaluation was fundamental to adapt the most suitable terms to meet the demands of the target audience. Although some of the words presented in the first prototype were in English and are present in the daily lives of people who use the internet, this is not always the reality of the elderly population, which is why the decision was made to change the language to one that is more accessible and compatible with the daily lives of these users.

Considering that this is an application that will also be used by health professionals, some information, especially that which is specific to the field, is presented in technical language. It is possible to adapt the language on the page accessed by users, which is also recommended by authors who reinforce the idea that information for elderly people should be provided in an understandable way, as this population group generally has a low level of health literacy1515 Jiang Y, Sun P, Chen Z, Guo J, Wang S, Fenglan Liu F, et al. Patients’ and healthcare providers’ perceptions and experiences of telehealth use and online health information use in chronic disease management for older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative study. BMC Geriatr. [Internet]. 2022 [cited 2022 May 03]; 22(1):9. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-021-02702-z
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. These points reinforce the principle of compatibility with the real world1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994..

Regarding user control and freedom, the application shows the user and/or health professional the data that has been entered incorrectly, which qualifies the information stored and enhances the reliability of the data. The options to exit and/or return are always available for a simple and accessible way out of possible mistakes, but always associated with a data confirmation screen so that what has already been registered or entered is not lost.

Consistency and standards can be identified in the minimalist aspect of the design, which features neutral colors, as well as the figure of an elderly person, generating user identification with the application. We also identified this heuristic in the standardization of the commands, which are in the same place on all the screens so that the user can access them effectively and by recognition.

Sensory changes resulting from the aging process, such as reduced vision and hearing, influence the use of technology and should be considered for the digital inclusion of the elderly population1616 Raymundo TM, Gil HT, Bernardo LD. Desenvolvimento de projetos de inclusão digital para idosos. Estud. interdiscipl. envelhec. [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 24(3):22-44. Available from: https://seer.ufrgs.br/RevEnvelhecer/article/view/87420/57060
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. We also consider elderly people with disabilities, who are more likely to experience a significant digital gap1717 Duplaga M. The association between Internet use and health-related outcomes in older adults and the elderly: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 21(150). Available from: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-021-01500-2
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. The option of using the audio tool and microphone are adaptations for those who have difficulty interacting with the system and need special assistance, considering the principle of flexibility and efficiency of use1111 Nielsen J. Usability engineering. California: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers; 1994..

It is worth pointing out that despite the wide access to technologies, the elderly are the ones who have the greatest difficulty in dealing with electronic equipment and the use of technologies in health, and for this reason, digital training processes are necessary to promote the development of fundamental skills for incorporating new learning and inserting technologies into the daily lives of the elderly, so that they can exercise full citizenship in a digital society1616 Raymundo TM, Gil HT, Bernardo LD. Desenvolvimento de projetos de inclusão digital para idosos. Estud. interdiscipl. envelhec. [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2022 Aug. 16]; 24(3):22-44. Available from: https://seer.ufrgs.br/RevEnvelhecer/article/view/87420/57060
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The software will be a way for users to obtain information about their state of health and will be monitored and updated by a trained health professional to record diagnoses, test results and therapeutic proposals. Through this technology, it will be possible for elderly people, family members and health professionals to participate in the care plan that best suits the specific needs of each user, promoting comprehensive, individualized, and humanized care1818 Costa SED, Rodrigo AS, Alves LCR, Silva FRM, Bezerra CDA, Santos CD, et al. A influência das tecnologias na saúde mental dos idosos em tempos de pandemia: uma revisão integrativa. Res., Soc. Dev. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Nov. 03]; 10(2). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i2.12198
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. It also allows the elderly to be better informed and more active in their health-disease process.

Technology makes it possible for professionals to share information, favoring interprofessional care, since professionals from different areas will be able to record and collect information on the health-disease conditions of the elderly and based on this, they will be able to insert new care proposals. This is a way of optimizing the service, since the information will already be recorded, and it will only be necessary to include new information, as well as avoiding duplication of care, since they will have access to the care plan that is being developed with these users1919 Freitas EM, Zambom MS, Augustini VM. O uso de tecnologias aplicadas as organizações de saúde como fator de seu desenvolvimento. Teoria & Prática: Revista de Humanidades, Ciências Sociais e Cultura. [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Nov. 03]; 4(2). Available from: http://isca.edu.br/revista/index.php/revista/article/view/71
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Como limitações do estudo, podemos apontar que se trata de um protótipo de uma Caderneta Informatizada de Saúde da Pessoa Idosa, sendo necessários ajustes e complementos que se adequem à realidade dos SUS através da validação em campo. A proposta é que o protótipo seja aperfeiçoado após utilização dos profissionais e usuários, que farão sugestões de mudanças e adequações.

As the study’s limitations, we can point out that this is a prototype of a Computerized Health Booklet of the Elderly Person, and adjustments and additions are needed to adapt it to the reality of the SUS through field validation. The proposal is for the prototype to be perfected after it has been used by professionals and users, who will make suggestions for changes and adjustments.

FINAL CONSIDERATIONS

The prototype of a computerized health booklet for the elderly person is an advance in health care. Despite its initial limitations, it can be considered a facilitator of health care, by optimizing information through sharing between health professionals and users, avoiding duplication of care and helping to identify priorities and care needs.

This study identified the software’s main strengths and points that need to be improved to meet the needs of users and the SUS. We hope that this technology will be used in health services and in the daily lives of the elderly after it has been improved, and more screens have been added that consider the assessment of the elderly person.

We believe that the use of this application will help to update and advance the use of technologies aimed at health care, and that it will bring benefits to health systems and users. This technology could also be adapted for other population groups, such as children and adolescents, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases, making the health system more technological, reliable information accessible and users protagonists in their health-disease process.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

To the Minas Gerais State Research Foundation (FAPEMIG, in Portuguese) for funding this study, which is part of PHASE 1 of the research entitled “Development and validation of an Intelligent System for the Multidimensional Assessment of Elderly People”, APQ00707-20. To UFJF for supporting the research.

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Edited by

Associate editor: Dra. Maria Helena Barbosa

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    27 Nov 2023
  • Date of issue
    2023

History

  • Received
    23 Nov 2022
  • Accepted
    01 Sept 2023
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