SOIL CLASSES AND REGIONAL ORGANIC RESIDUES AFFECT NUTRITION, MORPHO-PHYSIOLOGY AND QUALITY OF COPAIBA SEEDLINGS

Ayrton Senna da Silva Damasceno Cácio Luiz Boechat Joacir Morais Breendon Patrick da Silva Gonçalves Adriana Miranda de Santana Arauco About the authors

ABSTRACT

Besides being used in the wood industry, copaiba has medicinal properties. However, continuous and excessive extraction both of wood and of oil may impair the regeneration and make the product scarce. It is very important to produce quality seedlings, both for sustainable exploitation and for the recovery of degraded and disturbed areas. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the initial growth and nutrition of Copaiba seedlings, incorporating organic residues into different classes of soils. The treatments were disposed in a design of entirely randomized blocks using the 5x4 factorial scheme, with four organic residues (rice husks in natura, carbonized rice husks, goat manure, carnauba residue), plus a treatment with soil only and four classes of soil (Latossolo Vermelho-Amarelo, Neossolo Quartzarênio, Gleissolo Háplico e Argissolo Vermelho-Amarelo), with four repetitions. At 90 days, the morpho-physiological variables of the seedling and macronutrient contents of the aerial part were evaluated. As to the morpho-physiological variables, the carnauba residue was outstanding among the residues tested in the present study. There was an increase in the quantities of P, K, Ca and Mg in the aerial part of copaiba seedlings resulting in the combination between the organic residues and the soil classes.

Keywords:
Copaifera langsdorffii Desf.; Oxisol; Entisol Quartzipsamment; Entisol Aquent; Ultisol

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