This study analyzes the evolution of the manufacturing industry in Brazil focusing on the South region in the period 2002-2014, so that it is possible to observe the southern contribution to the country's deindustrialization process. For this, the classic indicators of deindustrialization will be used as a form of analysis. Indeed, it was found that the industry of the South has lost share in terms of value added and employment in national indicators, but the manifestation of deindustrialization can only be confirmed by the composition of the regional productive structure. In this sense, the loss of share of the manufacturing industry was verified, combined with the deconcentration of the southern industrial production/employment, which constitutes a progressive and positive deindustrialization process in this region.
deindustrialization; regional economy; Rio Grande do Sul