Labor as a determinant factor of school result discrepancy in Brazil: myth or reality?

This article aims to evaluate the labor influence on school courses of boys and girls. Based on the micro data of PNAD 2006 (National Residence Sample Survey), a statistic model is developed to explain the discrepancy in age- years of study, taking into account the sex and considering labor as a control variable. The results indicate that working damages more intensively the boys' school process, and housework in a more subtle way influences the girls' school process. The worse results were observed for blacks of both sex.

Gender; Child and Adolescent Labor; Age-Grade Discrepancy; Boys; Masculinity


Núcleo de Estudos de Gênero - Pagu Universidade Estadual de Campinas, PAGU Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz", Rua Cora Coralina, 100, 13083-896, Campinas - São Paulo - Brasil, Tel.: (55 19) 3521 7873, (55 19) 3521 1704 - Campinas - SP - Brazil
E-mail: cadpagu@unicamp.br