The families formed by gay men and lesbians have become increasingly numerous and visible in many countries of the Western world. In France, gay fathers and mothers are mostly organized in associations, with the APGL as the main one. The French same-sex families are derived from family reconstitution after divorce, adoptions, assisted reproduction or co-parenting. The latter case, the object of this article, characterizes arrangements made by gays and lesbians to have children who move between the paternal and maternal homes. I argue that despite the relative historical novelty of the co-parenting arrangements, the relationships between fathers and mothers continues to reproduce gender differences that, however, do not have the same meaning as in the families composed by heterosexual couples.
Fatherhood; Motherhood; Homosexuality; Gay Parents; Gender