Integrity of sperm plasm membrane, nucleus and mitochondria after freezing ram semen with ethylene glycol

Luciana Bignardi de Soares Brisola Jairo Pereira Neves Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves João Francisco Coelho de Oliveira Marcelo Marcos Montagner About the authors

The aim of the present experiment was to evaluate the effect of ethylene glycol, in relation to glycerol, as a cryoprotective agent for preserving ovine spermatic cells. The semen had to present a minimal quality to be used, regarding volume (0.5 ml), wave motion (score of 2, from 0 to 5), percentage of progressively motile spermatozoa (65%), rate of progressive motility (score of 3, from 0 to 5), sperm cell concentration (3x10(6) cells/mm³) and normal sperm morphology (80%). Each pool of semen from ejaculates of two rams was divided into two equal subsamples. One subsample was frozen with ethylene glycol and the other with glycerol. The parameters used to evaluate the semen were sperm motility, vigor, acrossome status and membrane integrity. Sperm motility was evaluated in fresh semen, cooled semen, frozen semen, after 5 hours at 38°C or after 30 minutes at 45°C. No difference was observed between ethylene glycol and glycerol for acrossome status and sperm motility. The sperm cells that were preserved with ethylene glycol showed more integrity of the plasmatic, nuclear and mitochondrial membranes. From the viewpoint of cell membrane integrity, it can be concluded that ethylene glycol gives higher protection to the sperm cell than glycerol.

semen; ethylene glycol; membrane integrity; ram

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