Environmental stratification, adaptability and stability of commercial hybrids of corn for silage utilization in the south of Brazil

The objective of this work was to study the stratification of those environments used for corn hybrids evaluation for silage in the Southern Region of Brazil and identify those materials with the best adaptation and stability. Twenty-one corn hybrids from different seed companies were evaluated in seven locations in the Southern Region of Brazil. Trials were conducted using a randomized block design with three replications. The methodology used to study adaptability and stability of silage dry matter productivity (t ha-1) and potential for milk production (kg ha-1) of the corn hybrids were those of EBERHART and RUSSEL (1966) and ANNICCHIARICO (1992). A large variation in adaptation and stability was found leading to a possibility to identify hybrids adapted to the different growing conditions in the Southern Region of Brazil as well as with a stable behavior. DAS766 showed good adaptation and stability for silage dry matter productivity in favorable environments. The best adapted hybrids for potential milk production were DAS766, P3021 and P3041. The environments of Ijui and Urussanga were alike for potential milk production evaluation of corn hybrids for silage utilization in the South Region of Brazil.

animal feeding; dry matter; milk; genotype x environment interaction

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