Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV 1): an epidemiological survey in the dairy herd of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil

Luciane Teresinha Lovato Rudi Weiblen Fernando Luiz Tobias Mauro Pires Moraes About the authors

Sera samples of 7956 dairy catlle were tested with the serum neutralization test for antibody prevalence against Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 (BHV 1). The samples were collected in 99 counties of the Rio Grande do Sul State. The counties were grouped in 9 dairy regions as determined by the "Cooperativa Central Gaúcha de Leite" (CCGL). The antibody prevalence among the 7956 será samples studied was 18.8%. The results demonstrated a similar antibody prevalence among the dairy regions. However, two regions had significant differences. Region 7 represented by "Passo Fundo" county had a prevalence of 12% and region 9 represented by "Quaraí" with the highest prevalence with 49.5%. The sera samples were divided into four groups according to cattle age: cattle with less than two years of age, 2 to 4, more than 4 to 6, and older than 6 years age. The results showed that the prevalence increases gradually with age. The major difference was between group 1 and 2. The results also demonstrated that the infection is more frequent in cattle older than two years. There was no significant difference among antibody titers between the age groups. The major relevance of the study was the prevalence of 54.5% positive herds, that represents 371 positive from a total of 685 herds tested. Considering this prevalence, it is clear that the BHV 1 is disseminated among the dairy population of the State. Prevention and control methods should be adopted so the spread of the infection can be withhold.

BHV 1; IBR/IPV; survey; dairy herd

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