Presence of the genus Trichoderma and Fusarium in rhizosphere and bulk soil cultivated with tomato and cucumber, in vegetable garden and greenhouse

For the adequate elaboration of biocontrol programs of soil borne pathogens, it is necessary to understand the distribution of pathogens and antagonists in this environment. This research was aimed at studing the presence of the fungi Trichoderma and Fusarium in rhizosphere and bulk soil, cultivated with tomato and cucumber, in vegetable garden and greenhouse, and to quantify the isolates of Fusarium spp. pathogenic to the crops. For that, in a vegetable garden and a greenhouse, 40 samples of rhizosphere (cucumber and tomato) and 20 of bulk soil were taken,. The soil suspensions were diluted and plated in PDA media and the fungi identified. After that, the test of pathogenicity of the isolates for tomato and cucumber found in the samples, was performed. For tomato and cucumber, in greenhouse, the number of sampling points with the presence of Trichoderma spp. in the rhizosphere (95 e 45%, respectively) was significantly greater than in the bulk soil (10%). In the bulk soil, the presence of Trichoderma spp. and Fusarium spp. differed significantly, being found, respectively, in 10 and 55% of the sampling points. In the pathogenicity test, 5 isolates of Fusarium oxysporum of tomato and 6 of cucumber were pathogenic to the respective crops. In greenhouse, Trichoderma spp. occurs more frequently in the rhizosphere, whereas Fusarium spp. is distributed in the soil and the majority of the Fusarium spp. isolates are neither pathogenic to tomato nor to cucumber.

vegetable garden; rhizosphere; Cucumis sativus; Lycopersicon esculentum


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