Chemical thinning of plum fruits with ethephon

Alexandre Pozzobom Pavanello Ricardo Antônio Ayub About the authors

Thinning of plum trees promotes balance between vegetative growth and production, increases the fruit size and avoids alternation of production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different ethephon concentrations as chemical thinning of plum cv. 'Irati' and cv. 'Reubennel', in Arapoti-PR. Five treatments with ethephon were evaluated at dosages (0, 60, 80, 100, 120 μL L-1) in cv. 'Irati' and four treatments at dosages; 0; 60; 80; 120 μL L-1 in cv. 'Reubennel', all applied when fruits diameter was 5 mm followed by measurements plant yield, weight, size, soluble solids, firmness, titratable acidity, pH and color of fruits. At a concentration of 120 μL L-1 ethephon, cv. 'Irati' produced 20 kg plant-1 and the cv. 'Reubennel' 56 kg plant-1 presenting satisfactory quantity of fruit size III and IV. There was no significant difference between treatments for variable firmness, soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH and color of fruits evaluated in the post-harvest for the two plum cultivars

Prunus salicina; 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid; fruit set

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