The increase in domestic violence in Brazil from 2009-2014

O aumento da violência doméstica no Brasil, 2009-2014

Nádia Cristina Pinheiro Rodrigues Gisele O’Dwyer Mônica Kramer de Noronha Andrade Matthew Brian Flynn Denise Leite Maia Monteiro Valéria Teresa Saraiva Lino About the authors

Abstract

In recent decades, the rise violent phenomena in Brazil has reached epidemic proportions. However, the prevalence of domestic violence (DV) across different states in the country is not well established. The objective of this study was to describe the distribution of DV across Brazilian states from 2009 to 2014. An ecological study based on spatial analysis techniques was performed using Brazilian states as geographical units of analysis. A multilevel Poisson model was used to explain the risk of DV in Brazil according to age, sex, period (fixed effects), the Human Developing Index, and the victim’s residence state (random effects). The overall average rate of DV almost tripled from 2009-2010 to 2013-2014. The rate of DV in Brazil in the 2013-2014 period was 3.52 times greater than the 2009-2010 period. The risk of DV in men was 74% lower than in women. The increase of DV against women during period under study occurred mainly in the Southeast, South, and Midwest. DV was more frequent in adolescence and adulthood. DV is gradually increasing in recent years in Brazil. More legislation and government programs are needed to combat the growth of violence in society.

Domestic violence; Spatial analysis; Epidemiology; Multilevel analysis

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