Quality of life related factors for parents of children with hearing loss

Cristhiene Montone Nunes Ramires Fátima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro Érica Toledo Piza Peluso About the authors

Abstract

Hearing loss among children, particularly those with severe and profound hearing impairment, has an effect on their communication and development, which in turn can have a significant impact on their parents. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of parents of children with hearing loss and identify the associated factors. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving parents of children that went through phonoaudiological therapy at a public university clinic in the city of São Paulo. The research instruments used were: the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, Short Form (WHOQOL-bref), the Social Support Questionnaire 6 (SSQ-6) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Inferential statistical analysis was performed using the Student’s t-test. The study included 29 parents, 26 mothers and 3 fathers, of 27 children with severe and profound hearing impairment. The mean of the domain scores of the WHOQOL-bref, on a scale of 0-100, ranged between 40-60 and the overall score was 53. The best performance was achieved in the physical domain (60.3) and the worst in the environment domain (40.5). The main factor associated with all domains of the WHOQOL-bref, as well as overall score was being satisfied with social support.

Quality of Life; Parents; Child; Hearing loss

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