I discuss in this article the characteristics of the nutritional transition. For that, I use the data of nutritional researches of the population, concepts and analytic categories. I make a correlation between these characteristics and the specificities of our development process. Then, I question: 1) The sense of this transition, which comes from a stage initially signed by high prevalence of deficits malnutrition, on gravity forms. 2) If the breakpoint used to reckon the gravity malnutrition occurrences, located under the percentile 3 of the international standard classification - of the National Center of Health Statistics (NCHS) -, is not to choose gravity as hierarchy of the nutritional attention. 3) If this procedure does not mask the real extension of the moderate and light forms of malnutrition deficits. 4) If the selected criterion does not reproduce iniquity in the malnutrition population. 5) If this transition is moving in the direction of improving, optimizing the frame of the Brazilian nutritional situation or making it worst, more complex.
Nutritional transition; Gravity; Chronicity; Complexity