A qualitative study on factors associated with intimate partner violence in Colombia

Shirley Evelyn Lennon Adriana María Ramírez Aramburo Eliana Maritza Morales Garzón María Adelaida Arboleda Andrés Fandiño-Losada Sara Gabriela Pacichana-Quinayaz Gloria Inés Rodas Muñoz María Isabel Gutiérrez-Martínez About the authors

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a human rights violation and a serious global public health problem. This study investigated factors associated with IPV in female survivors in Colombia. Four focus group discussions with female survivors of IPV and 15 key informant interviews with professionals from psychological, social and legal services and community leaders were conducted in Cali and Tuluá. Participant recruitment was via purposive sampling. Transcripts were analysed manually taking a social constructivist standpoint and a content analysis approach. Factors associated with IPV were divided into four themes: cultural beliefs, jealousy, alcohol abuse, and personal history of IPV. The first theme was divided into: patriarchy, gender roles, normalisation of violence, and unawareness of rights, economic dependence, and ‘men own women’. The sub-themes were all inter-related and underpinned by patriarchal values. IPV was described as a sociocultural construction formed by patriarchal values ingrained in community and societal norms and individual processes. Therefore, academia, governmental and non-governmental bodies and society are urged to together, create preventative, context specific strategies for individuals, communities and societies.

Key words:
Intimate Partner Violence; Women’s Health; Physical Abuse; Violence

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