Greater access to information on how to prevent oral cancer among elderly using primary health care

Andréa Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins Sandhi Maria Barreto Pedro Eleutério dos Santos-Neto Maria Aparecida Barbosa de Sá João Gabriel Silva Souza Desireé Sant’Ana Haikal Efigenia Ferreira e Ferreira Isabela Almeida Pordeus About the authors

Abstract

Educative actions are an important component of health promotion in Brazil's primary healthcare program, the Family Health Strategy (FHS). The efficacy of these actions is evidenced by compliance with healthy behaviors and in the reduction of rates of mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to identify whether access to information regarding the prevention of oral cancer is greater among elders whose residences are registered with the FHS. SPSS® was utilized to obtain estimates that were corrected for sample design, considering the magnitude of the associations between access to such information with personal determinants, the use and cost of healthcare, health-related behaviors and health outcomes. 58.9% of the 492 participating elders reported having access to such information. We verified that there was a greater chance for access among residents of houses registered by the FHS; those with greater per capita income (2.01/1.183.43); non-smokers (2.00/1.16-3.46); those that realized oral self-examination (6.35/3.46-11.64); and those that did not perceive discomfort in the mouth, head or neck (2.06/1.02-4.17). Access was greater among residents of homes registered by the FHS. Personal determinants of health, health-related behaviors and health outcomes are influenced or influence access to information regarding the prevention and management of oral diseases.

Keywords
Oral cancer; seniors; health literacy; primary healthcare; Family Health Strategy

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