Timely and appropriate complementary feeding is essential for the healthy growth and development of children, and Primary Health Care, especially the Family Health Support Nuclei, are the ideal location for developing relevant actions during this period. A cross-sectional study that applied a questionnaire to mothers and anthropometric evaluation for 324 children sought to develop an index of complementary feeding inadequacies and to study its association with social, economic, clinical, epidemiological and nutritional variables. For quantification of feeding inadequacies, an index using the Delphi method was created. High frequencies were observed for all inadequacies, especially for late introduction of solids (80.2%), early introduction of sugar/thickeners (78.1%) and liquids (73.5%). The most significant results of these associations were early weaning of exclusive (p = 0.000) and total (p = 0.005) breastfeeding, absence of partner (p = 0.001) and the mother supporting the family financially (p = 0.025). The use of this index identifies higher-risk situations for developing a nutritional assistance action plan, especially when it comes to promoting matrix model work.
Complementary feeding; Infant nutrition; Nutritionist; Primary Health Care