Planning and support in the work process of PHC teams in the Northeast: analysis of the PMAQ-AB (3rd cycle)

Gladston Thalles da Silva Ferdinando Oliveira Carvalho Anya Pimentel Gomes Fernandes Vieira-Meyer Gessyka Mayara Soares Gomes Lis Maria Machado Ribeiro Bezerra Rayssa Veras Camelo Valter Cordeiro Barbosa FilhoAbout the authors

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é descrever os indicadores referentes ao planejamento e apoio no processo de trabalho reportados pelas Equipes de Saúde da Família, a partir do 3º ciclo do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ-AB) na região Nordeste do Brasil. Estudo transversal, utilizando dados secundários da avaliação externa do 3º ciclo do PMAQ-AB. Dezesseis indicadores foram utilizados para averiguar as ações do processo de trabalho das equipes. Avaliaram-se 14.489 equipes de saúde da família que aderiram ao programa. Dentre os indicadores avaliados, verificou-se que as equipes realizaram reunião e planejamento das ações, autoavaliação, monitoramento e análise dos indicadores de saúde para reorganização do processo de trabalho, evidenciando os fatores determinantes e condicionantes. Nos indicadores de apoio institucional e apoio matricial para resolução de casos complexos, destacam-se a vigilância em saúde e o Núcleo Ampliado de Saúde da Família (NASF). Identificou-se que ocorreram melhorias no processo de trabalho das equipes na região Nordeste, porém, ainda precisa mudar a realidade de trabalho fragmentada e verticalizada, favorecendo um panorama de trabalho em equipe e compartilhado, influenciando diretamente no processo de trabalho.

Palavras-chave:
Atenção Primária à Saúde; Estratégia Saúde da Família; Avaliação em Saúde

Abstract

This paper aims to describe the indicators related to planning and support in the work process reported by the Family Health Teams, from the 3rd cycle of the National Program for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) in the Brazilian Northeast. This cross-sectional study employed secondary data from the external evaluation of the 3rd cycle of the PMAQ-AB. Sixteen indicators were used to ascertain the teams’ work process actions, and 14,489 family health teams that adhered to the program were evaluated. Among the indicators assessed, we found that the teams held a meeting and planned actions and self-evaluated, monitored, and analyzed health indicators to reorganize the work process, highlighting the determining and conditioning factors. Health surveillance and the Extended Family Health Center (NASF) stand out in the indicators of institutional support and multidisciplinary support for solving complex cases. We identified improvements in the work process of the teams in the Northeast region, but the reality of fragmented and vertical work still requires a change to promote an outlook of shared teamwork, directly influencing the work process.

Key words:
Primary Health Care; Family Health Strategy; Health Assessment

Introduction

Primary Health Care (PHC) is the alternative to solve the health system’s current challenges in a sustainable way. It is crucial to achieve the global goals shared in universal health coverage and the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) due to its ability to achieve universal coverage, favoring intersectoral actions and equity to ensure a healthy life and promote well-being at all ages, according to the Astana Declaration11 World Health Organization (WHO). United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Declaration of Astana [Internet]. 2018 [acessado 2019 Ago 23]. Disponível em: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/primary- health/declaration/gcphc-declaration.pdf
https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/...
.

In this context, the consolidation of PHC in recent decades is one of the most relevant advances in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) as a public policy and universal health system. Such emergence is anchored mainly in the implementation of the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and with the institutionalization of the evaluation of PHC by the Ministry of Health. Such initiatives have led to an increased offering of broad-spectrum actions and services and contributed to critical positive effects on the health of the population, marking one of the most significant innovations in PHC since the Declaration of Alma-Ata and the creation of the SUS22 Facchini LO, Tomasi E, Dilélio AS. Qualidade da Atenção Primária à Saúde no Brasil: avanços, desafios e perspectivas. Saúde Debate 2018; 42(spe):208-223..

In this context, the National Primary Care Policy (PNAB) states that planning is an indispensable management tool used by the teams that support the organization of the diverse and complex PHC work processes. By proposing future action, planning expresses disputed purposes and interests, creativity, participation, and independence, and change is acceptable33 Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Política Nacional de Atenção Básica (PNAB). Brasília: MS 2012.,44 Sarti TD, Campos CEA, Zandonade E, Ruschi GEC, Maciel ELN. Avaliação das ações de planejamento em saúde empreendidas por equipes de saúde da família. Cad Saúde Pública 2012; 3(28):537-548..

It also highlights the importance of planning actions based on the situational diagnosis of the operational territory of the Family Health Team (EqSF) and carrying out work with a defined territory to maintain ties with the community, based on existential realities, with joint multidisciplinary teamwork for better results in the self-assessment process55 Ferreira IRC, Moysés SJ, França BHS, Carvalho ML, Moysés ST. Percepções de gestores locais sobre a intersetorialidade no Programa Saúde na Escola. Rev Bras Educ 2014; 19(56):61-76.,66 Lima CA, Moreira KS, Costa GS, Maia RS, Pinto MQC, Vieira MA, Costa SM. Avaliação do processo de trabalho entre equipes de saúde da família de um município de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Trab Educ Saúde 2019; 17(1):1-20..

In the team’s self-assessment, PHC quality can be measured by the consensus of the team’s professionals potentially qualified to assess the reality of the work process in their context. Such analysis can also facilitate decision-making and organization of care practices, contributing to the strengthening of the ESF through support and planning66 Lima CA, Moreira KS, Costa GS, Maia RS, Pinto MQC, Vieira MA, Costa SM. Avaliação do processo de trabalho entre equipes de saúde da família de um município de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Trab Educ Saúde 2019; 17(1):1-20..

In 2011, the National Program for the Improvement of Access and Quality of Primary Care (PMAQ-AB) was implemented in Brazil by the Ministry of Health. This is a model for evaluating the performance of health systems, which aims to measure the potential effects of the health policy to subsidize decision-making based on planning and institutional support for actions, ensuring the transparency of SUS management processes and giving visibility to the results achieved, strengthening social control and focusing on users77 Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Portaria nº 1.654, de 19 de julho de 2011. Institui, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde, o Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ-AB) e o Incentivo Financeiro do PMAQ-AB, denominado Componente de Qualidade do Piso de Atenção Básica Variável - PAB Variável. Diário Oficial da União; 2011..

The PMAQ-AB aims to expand people’s access to services, improving working conditions and, mainly, care quality. In this context, one of the aspects evaluated by the program is the work process of the AB teams88 Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde. Departamento de Atenção Básica. Saúde Mais Perto de Você. Programa Nacional da Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica: manual instrutivo. Brasília: MS; 2012..

Considering the breadth of the PMAQ-AB proposal, the inclusion of evaluative practices by primary care teams in the country is still incipient. There is also a lack of more comprehensive studies revealing the reality of the work process, varying according to the peculiarities of each municipality, state, or region, which must be considered in the evaluation process. Thus, considering data from the Northeast region regarding planning and support reported by family health professionals becomes relevant to understand which actions are most implemented or require improvement in the work process.

In this sense, this study aims to describe the indicators related to planning and support in the work process reported by EqSF professionals, based on data from the 3(rd) cycle of the PMAQ-AB in the Northeast of Brazil.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional study with secondary, multicenter data collected on primary care teams working in municipalities in the Northeast of Brazil and adhering to the 3(rd) cycle of the PMAQ-AB (2017). A total of 14,489 primary care teams from the Northeast region were considered for this study, corresponding to 37.28% of the total teams evaluated in the country and 99.94% of the Northeast teams.

The study was conducted considering the Northeast region of the country, covering the entire macroregional territory composed of nine states: Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, and Sergipe. This is the third-largest regional compound in the country, occupying 18.2% of its total area99 Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Censo demográfico 2010. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE; 2019..

The data of this study were retrieved from the certification stage, which includes the external evaluation phase when a group of properly trained interviewers applied evaluation instruments to verify the standards of access and PHC quality achieved by the municipalities, conducted by education or research institutions hired by the Ministry of Health. Therefore, the instrument was applied at the PHC unit (UBS) by the interviewer and an ESF professional designated by the team members to answer the questions. The collected data were then transferred to the national Ministry of Health database. Data referring to the context variable listed above were taken from the PHC Department of the Ministry of Health website based on the results of the External Assessment of the 3(rd) Cycle of the PMAQ-AB.

The external evaluation was developed in six modules. In this study, the data derive from module II - interview with the professional of the PHC team and verification of documents in the UBS, specifically retrieved from the questions related to the work process actions, such as team planning and institutional support, team access to NASF, articulation between ESF and NASF, and matrix support for PHC teams. The questionnaire included sixteen questions related to team meeting and frequency; action planning; consideration of results achieved in previous PMAQ-AB cycles in the work process organization; conducting a self-assessment process; information on health situations of the population made available by management to assist the team in analyzing the situation; planning and organizing the NASF action schedule in conjunction with the team; receiving permanent institutional support from a team or person from the Municipal Health Secretariat to discuss the work process or assist in the problems detected; evaluating the joint work of the institutional supporter with the team; ascertaining whether the team receives support from other professionals in complex cases and which professionals perform multidisciplinary matrix support; revealing in which situation the team feels the need for support from the NASF and what request modes are available; verifying that requests are answered timely; investigating the defined and agreed criteria between teams and NASF to call for action in unforeseen situations and whether support occurs in these cases.

A descriptive analysis was employed to present the data, considering the absolute and relative frequency and 95% confidence interval (95%CI). The analyses were performed using the Stata® v.13.0 statistical program.

The research is nested in the research project entitled “Evaluation of Primary Care in Brazil: integrated multicenter studies on access, quality, and user satisfaction”, approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul.

Results

The Ministry of Health currently accredits 16,497 EqSF teams in the Northeast region of the country, of which 14,489 were certified in the 3(rd) cycle of the PMAQ-AB, with 97.89% of the municipalities in the Northeast participating in the program.

Considering the total sample of the Northeast region, the actions of EqSF geared to planning with more significant proportions were team meeting (95.2%), frequency of monthly meeting (42.2%), monitoring and analysis of indicators and health information (87.6%), performing a self-assessment process (87.2%), and organizing the schedule and planning NASF actions in conjunction with the teams (68.3%) (Table 1).

Table 1
Description of the EqSF related to the planning indicators in the Northeast region, with data from the PMAQ-AB, 2017.

We observed that 91.2% (95% CI: 90.7-91.6) of the teams reported receiving permanent municipal management support. The data show that 93.9% (95% CI: 93.5-94.3) of the EqSFs receive support from other professionals to solve complex cases. The main multidisciplinary matrix support actions are health surveillance (83.2%) and NASF (80.3%) (Table 2).

Table 2
Description of the amount of EqSF related to the indicators of access, institutional support, and NASF support in the Northeast region, with data from PMAQ-AB, 2017.

Discussion

The results of this study showed that most teams carry out activities for planning actions and meeting monthly. A study analyzing the teamwork process at the national and state level also found that most EqSF carry out these activities, emphasizing the attribution of professionals for discussing and planning actions based on local realities as per PNAB1010 Medrado JRS, Casanova AO, Oliveira CCM. Estudo avaliativo do processo de trabalho das Equipes de Atenção Básica a partir do PMAQ-AB. Saúde Debate 2015; 39(107):1033-1043. guidance.

Studies highlight that the Northeast region had expanded PHC services through the ESF, emphasizing regions less favored by the public and private care offering, with improved regional distribution of medium and high-complexity services. Social determinants, democratic progress, and sustainable development are inextricably linked in the broader health context because a change in one domain affects others. Thus, integrated health, social, and economic actions are required to plan and support the teamwork process to reduce social and health inequalities1111 Albuquerque MV, Viana ALD, Lima LD, Ferreira MP, Fusaro ER, Iozzi FL. Desigualdades regionais na saúde: mudanças observadas no Brasil de 2000 a 2016. Cien Saude Colet 2017; 22(4):1055-1064.,1212 Fiorati RC, Souza LB, Cândido FCA, Silva LNF, Finzeto LC, Alves LS, Berra TZ, Arcêncio RA. Iniquidades sociais e intersetorialidade: desafio à atenção primária à saúde. Rev Enferm UFPE 2018; 12(6):1705-1716..

Planning and management support are essential milestones in the organization of health services. However, it is necessary to be aware of and know local realities and particularities, respecting cultural, geographic, and social aspects, focusing on service quality. Knowing these aspects, the planning will lead the process of reorientation of actions and services and, together with institutional support, will demystify the external evaluation as being of a punitive nature, bringing positive effects to correct the directions and adaptations of the health actions in the work process1313 Rodrigues V, Santos CRI, Pereira MU. A experiência de planejar e operacionalizar o PMAQ-AB no estado do Acre. Saúde Debate 2014; 38(spe):173-181..

Concerning the monitoring and analysis of health indicators and information, it is noteworthy that most teams carry out this monitoring. A study carried out in two states in the Northeast of the country found that most teams claimed to adopt this activity, with a high percentage of use in organizing the PHC work process1414 Carvalho MF, Vasconcelos MIO, Silva ARV, Vieira APGF. Utilização de monitoramento e análise de indicadores na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Sanare 2017; 16(1):67-73..

Also, almost all of the teams stated that they perform a self-assessment to reorganize their work processes, detecting and recognizing their strengths and weaknesses. In this sense, a study carried out in the municipalities of Espírito Santo identified that teams mostly use self-assessment to improve PHC access and quality (AMAQ) as a management tool for reorganizing their work. Another study carried out in Paraíba showed that professionals recognize the self-assessment process as an opportunity to identify weaknesses in the teamwork processes1515 Sampaio J, Moraes MN, Marcolino EC, Castro ID, Gomes LB, Clementino FS. PMAQ-AB: a experiência local para a qualificação do programa nacio-nal. Rev Enferm UFPE 2016; 10(5):4318-4328.,1616 Cruz MM, Souza RBC, Torres RMC, Abreu DMF, Reis AC, Gonçalves AL. Usos do planejamento e autoavaliação nos processos de trabalho das equipes de Saúde da Família na Atenção Básica. Saúde Debate 2014; 38(spe):124-139..

The results of this work allow us to affirm that the relationship between planning and organizing the action schedule with the NASF is carried out jointly, highlighting the weaknesses regarding interprofessional collaboration between EqSFs and NASF professionals since there are still visions of individualized work with little integration in all variables of the studied context1717 Lima RSA, Nascimento JA, Ribeiro KSQS, Sampaio J. O apoio matricial no trabalho das equipes dos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família: análise a partir dos indicadores do 2º ciclo do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade. Cad Saúde Colet 2019; 27(1):25-31..

Studies claim that strengthening the understanding of team planning is essential for comprehensive care and the performance of actions that effectively meet the health needs of people and groups, raising the scope of resolving the work process1818 Silva ICB, Silva LAB, Lima RSA, Rodrigues JA, Valença AMG, Sampaio J. Processo de trabalho entre a Equipe de Atenção Básica e o Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família. Rev Bras Med Fam Comunidade 2017; 12(39):1-10.,1919 Matuda CG, Pinto NRS, Martins CL, Frazão P. Colaboração interprofissional na estratégia saúde da família: implicações para a produção do cuidado e a gestão do trabalho. Cien Saude Colet 2015; 20(8):2511-2521..

Most teams declared receiving permanent management support to discuss the work process. EqSF work evaluation, together with the institutional supporter, was not considerable in the study. A survey that used data from Brazilian regions achieved better results concerning receiving institutional support and worse regarding the supporter’s contribution to working together to qualify the work process and address problems. PNAB clarifies that institutional support for teams in the implementation, monitoring, and qualification of PHC is a municipal competence, besides expanding and implementing the work process33 Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Política Nacional de Atenção Básica (PNAB). Brasília: MS 2012.,1616 Cruz MM, Souza RBC, Torres RMC, Abreu DMF, Reis AC, Gonçalves AL. Usos do planejamento e autoavaliação nos processos de trabalho das equipes de Saúde da Família na Atenção Básica. Saúde Debate 2014; 38(spe):124-139..

Regarding matrix support, most teams receive support from other professionals in resolving complex cases, mainly from health surveillance and the NASF with no defined periodicity. A study that analyzed the PHC situation through municipalities with different population sizes points out that, in municipalities of small population size, the offering of PHC services is limited and not very effective compared to EqSFs in more favorable municipal contexts receiving support from other professionals2020 Rocha PAS, Leite FMC, Barbosa, LFA, Lima RCD. Programa Nacional de Melhoria da Qualidade e do Acesso da Atenção Básica: avaliando o processo de trabalho das equipes do Espírito Santo. APS Rev 2019; 1(2):141-151..

However, this study showed that 93.9% of the teams reported receiving support to solve complex cases in the work process organization. These data deserve attention since the work process organization through matrix support must be thought in order to expand the scope of EqSF action, bringing an interdisciplinary team and increasing the potential for care comprehensiveness and resolution, either as a reference or incorporating them into the teams, establishing a horizontal and dialogical relationship among professionals. To this end, it is necessary to build several cross-sectional perspectives and sort this relationship between the reference team, support, and specialists based on dialogical procedures2121 Santos AF, Machado ATGM, Reis CMR, Abreu DMX, Araújo LHL, Rodrigues SC, Lima AMLD, Jorge AO, Sobrinho DF. Apoio institucional e matricial e sua relação com a atenção básica. Rev Saude Publica 2015; 49(54):1-7..

The data showed that the NASF has a vital role in planning and developing integrated actions with the EqSFs, and organizing its agenda in a defined and agreed manner for unforeseen situations, giving support in these cases1717 Lima RSA, Nascimento JA, Ribeiro KSQS, Sampaio J. O apoio matricial no trabalho das equipes dos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família: análise a partir dos indicadores do 2º ciclo do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade. Cad Saúde Colet 2019; 27(1):25-31..

It is worth noting that, although the analysis of this study was carried out in the Northeast region, its inferences can identify in some contexts the needs and most fragile elements in specified care regarding the PHC teams’ work process, which can be applied in other parts of the country.

To the best of our knowledge, in the use of the PMAQ-AB assessed indicators, this is the first study conducted with data from the 3(rd) cycle, including data on the PHC teams’ work process based on team planning actions and institutional support, team access to the NASF, articulation between ESF and NASF and multidisciplinary matrix support for PHC teams in the Northeast region.

Conclusion

Finally, given the lack of quantitative studies assessing the ESF work process actions in the Northeast, the results shown here can be very valuable to managers, professionals, and academics who are somehow related to PHC. The EqSFs have planned and organized their work process with self-assessment, monitoring, and analysis of health information indicators, showing promising results in management and multidisciplinary matrix support actions.

The study provided a good representation of its results, some strengths and weaknesses of the work process of the EqSFs working in the Northeast region, requiring efforts to change the fragmented and vertical reality, promoting a work outlook signaling better results in the evaluative process of the PMAQ-AB, since PHC does not exist without a teamwork process and a collective subject of shared responsibility in deliberation and planning for the organization of adequate health services for the population.

References

  • 1
    World Health Organization (WHO). United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). Declaration of Astana [Internet]. 2018 [acessado 2019 Ago 23]. Disponível em: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/primary- health/declaration/gcphc-declaration.pdf
    » https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/primary-health/declaration/gcphc-declaration.pdf
  • 2
    Facchini LO, Tomasi E, Dilélio AS. Qualidade da Atenção Primária à Saúde no Brasil: avanços, desafios e perspectivas. Saúde Debate 2018; 42(spe):208-223.
  • 3
    Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Política Nacional de Atenção Básica (PNAB) Brasília: MS 2012.
  • 4
    Sarti TD, Campos CEA, Zandonade E, Ruschi GEC, Maciel ELN. Avaliação das ações de planejamento em saúde empreendidas por equipes de saúde da família. Cad Saúde Pública 2012; 3(28):537-548.
  • 5
    Ferreira IRC, Moysés SJ, França BHS, Carvalho ML, Moysés ST. Percepções de gestores locais sobre a intersetorialidade no Programa Saúde na Escola. Rev Bras Educ 2014; 19(56):61-76.
  • 6
    Lima CA, Moreira KS, Costa GS, Maia RS, Pinto MQC, Vieira MA, Costa SM. Avaliação do processo de trabalho entre equipes de saúde da família de um município de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Trab Educ Saúde 2019; 17(1):1-20.
  • 7
    Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Portaria nº 1.654, de 19 de julho de 2011. Institui, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde, o Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica (PMAQ-AB) e o Incentivo Financeiro do PMAQ-AB, denominado Componente de Qualidade do Piso de Atenção Básica Variável - PAB Variável. Diário Oficial da União; 2011.
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  • 9
    Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Censo demográfico 2010 Rio de Janeiro: IBGE; 2019.
  • 10
    Medrado JRS, Casanova AO, Oliveira CCM. Estudo avaliativo do processo de trabalho das Equipes de Atenção Básica a partir do PMAQ-AB. Saúde Debate 2015; 39(107):1033-1043.
  • 11
    Albuquerque MV, Viana ALD, Lima LD, Ferreira MP, Fusaro ER, Iozzi FL. Desigualdades regionais na saúde: mudanças observadas no Brasil de 2000 a 2016. Cien Saude Colet 2017; 22(4):1055-1064.
  • 12
    Fiorati RC, Souza LB, Cândido FCA, Silva LNF, Finzeto LC, Alves LS, Berra TZ, Arcêncio RA. Iniquidades sociais e intersetorialidade: desafio à atenção primária à saúde. Rev Enferm UFPE 2018; 12(6):1705-1716.
  • 13
    Rodrigues V, Santos CRI, Pereira MU. A experiência de planejar e operacionalizar o PMAQ-AB no estado do Acre. Saúde Debate 2014; 38(spe):173-181.
  • 14
    Carvalho MF, Vasconcelos MIO, Silva ARV, Vieira APGF. Utilização de monitoramento e análise de indicadores na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Sanare 2017; 16(1):67-73.
  • 15
    Sampaio J, Moraes MN, Marcolino EC, Castro ID, Gomes LB, Clementino FS. PMAQ-AB: a experiência local para a qualificação do programa nacio-nal. Rev Enferm UFPE 2016; 10(5):4318-4328.
  • 16
    Cruz MM, Souza RBC, Torres RMC, Abreu DMF, Reis AC, Gonçalves AL. Usos do planejamento e autoavaliação nos processos de trabalho das equipes de Saúde da Família na Atenção Básica. Saúde Debate 2014; 38(spe):124-139.
  • 17
    Lima RSA, Nascimento JA, Ribeiro KSQS, Sampaio J. O apoio matricial no trabalho das equipes dos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família: análise a partir dos indicadores do 2º ciclo do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade. Cad Saúde Colet 2019; 27(1):25-31.
  • 18
    Silva ICB, Silva LAB, Lima RSA, Rodrigues JA, Valença AMG, Sampaio J. Processo de trabalho entre a Equipe de Atenção Básica e o Núcleo de Apoio à Saúde da Família. Rev Bras Med Fam Comunidade 2017; 12(39):1-10.
  • 19
    Matuda CG, Pinto NRS, Martins CL, Frazão P. Colaboração interprofissional na estratégia saúde da família: implicações para a produção do cuidado e a gestão do trabalho. Cien Saude Colet 2015; 20(8):2511-2521.
  • 20
    Rocha PAS, Leite FMC, Barbosa, LFA, Lima RCD. Programa Nacional de Melhoria da Qualidade e do Acesso da Atenção Básica: avaliando o processo de trabalho das equipes do Espírito Santo. APS Rev 2019; 1(2):141-151.
  • 21
    Santos AF, Machado ATGM, Reis CMR, Abreu DMX, Araújo LHL, Rodrigues SC, Lima AMLD, Jorge AO, Sobrinho DF. Apoio institucional e matricial e sua relação com a atenção básica. Rev Saude Publica 2015; 49(54):1-7.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    28 May 2021
  • Date of issue
    May 2021

History

  • Received
    07 Aug 2020
  • Reviewed
    22 Feb 2021
  • Accepted
    24 Feb 2021
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