The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of malaria-attributable anemia in the urban population of Mâncio Lima, Acre State, Brazil. This was a non-concurrent cohort study of 1,167 persons followed for the three months prior to the interview using data from the SIVEP-Malaria database. Anemia frequency and prevalence rates were calculated in patients with and without a recent history of malaria, according to target variables. 50.2% of the individuals were males, and 67.96% were 15 years or older. Overall anemia prevalence was 7.1%, higher in the 6 months to 5 years age bracket. Some 8.3% of men with a recent history of malaria presented anemia. Overall, prevalence of malaria-attributable anemia was negligible, except in men (2.4%) and the Cobal neighborhood (51.4%). The results showed that anemia prevalence was low and that malaria's contribution to anemia only existed in men and in specific geographic areas.
Malaria; Anemia; Prevalence