This article comments on the detection of Biomphalaria tenagophila (d’Orbigny, 1835) infected with Schistosoma mansoni Sambon, 1907 in Caraguatatuba and the introduction of Biomphalaria straminea (Dunker, 1848) in Ilha Bela, two municipalities on the Northern coast of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Infected snails were collected from a ditch located in the Olaria district. B. straminea and B. tenagophila were living in syntopy in a stream situated in Barra Velha. Such epidemiological findings indicate the risk of spread of schistosomiasis mansoni in the region, a consequence of inadequate basic sanitation.
Schistosomiasis; Schistosoma mansoni; Disease Vectors