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International trade negotiations and democracy: the WTO drug patent dispute between Brazil and the USA

The aim of this article is to verify the analytical feasibility of Two-Level Game - TLG theory to analyze Brazil’s action in the World Trade Organization - WTO. We simultaneously analyze whether the enhancement of Brazilian democratic institutions in relation to foreign policy-making can help meet demands by interest groups and expand the technical quality of Brazilian diplomacy in international trade negotiations. We further verify whether this improvement can generate greater credibility and international legitimacy for Brazil’s actions in the WTO, allowing the country to shape favorable international regimes for its interests. We develop this argument by analyzing Brazil’s drug patent case against the USA in the WTO.

international trade negotiations; democracy; WTO; patents; interest groups


Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Políticos (IESP) da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) R. da Matriz, 82, Botafogo, 22260-100 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil, Tel. (55 21) 2266-8300, Fax: (55 21) 2266-8345 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil
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