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As Distorções na Representação dos Estados na Câmara dos Deputados Brasileira

The article investigates two dimensions of the disproportionate distribution of Lower House seats among Brazilian states: the federalist and the party dimensions. In the first case, states <FONT FACE="Symbol">¾</FONT> and, consequently, their citizens <FONT FACE="Symbol">¾</FONT> are deemed the main beneficiaries or losers. In the second case, parties are seen as under or over-represented as a result of the prevailing distribution. The federalist dimension is evaluated bases on data regarding twenty-six legislatures since 1881, taking into account the effects of all legal norms defined for the distribution of seats among states. The party dimension is analyzed based on simulations using 1994 election returns

representation; Lower House; political parties

Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Políticos (IESP) da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) R. da Matriz, 82, Botafogo, 22260-100 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil, Tel. (55 21) 2266-8300, Fax: (55 21) 2266-8345 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil