Contribution of education, occupation and cognitively stimulating activities to the formation of cognitive reserve

Contribuição da escolaridade, ocupação profissional e atividades cognitivamente estimulantes como variáveis formadoras da reserva cognitiva

Beatriz Baldivia Vivian Maria Andrade Orlando Francisco Amodeo Bueno About the authors

Abstract

The cognitive reserve (CR) concept posits that there is individual variability in processing task demands and coping with neurodegenerative diseases. This variability can be attributed to the protective effects derived from continuous cognitive stimulation throughout life, including formal education, engagement in cognitively stimulating activities and occupation. These can result in protection against age-related cognitive decline and reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this review is to summarize the main features of CR formation and to discuss the challenges in carrying out CR research in developing countries.

Key words:
cognitive reserve; aging; Alzheimer's disease; occupation attainment; schooling; cognitive stimulation.

Associação de Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento Rua Itapeva, 538/ 132, 01332-000 São Paulo - SP - Brasil, Tel: (55 11)3288-8684/3288-9923 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: demneuropsy@uol.com.br