The Indians future in Brazil will depend on several strategic choices as much the Brazilian state and international community as different races. It is a question of partnership. By historical reasons, which were recognized in Brazil during the centuries, the native populations have a right to their territories. But these rights should not be thought as an impediment to the rest of the country. On the contrary, they are a preserving prerequisite of a richness even inestimable, but cruciate, the biodiversity and knowledges of traditional populations about natural kinds. According to everybody's interest what it should look for is to give conditions not to loose this richness. Because of that, it is unreasonable want to open all Amazonia areas to indiscriminate exploration. Thus, it is necessary converge the Indians rights with the brazilian society interests as a whole.