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Nursing diagnoses for inpatients with cardiovascular diseases

To identify the frequency of nursing diagnoses defining characteristics of inpatients with cardiovascular disease, and to rate them according to demographic and clinical variables. Methods: A descriptive transversal study. Data were collected through nursing assessment, medical charts, interview and physical exams with 30 inpatients in a large hospital .A proprietary instrument validated for data collection was used. Such data were analyzed by 5 experts and, upon agreement of 50%, they were submitted to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. Results: Significant associations were found with the factors Presence of Heart Failure, Acute Myocardial Infarction, Pain, Sex and Age. The most frequent nursing diagnoses were: anxiety (76,7%), acute pain (70,7%), decreased cardiac output (56,7%), activity intolerance (46,7%), sexual dysfunction (36,7%) and impaired urinary elimination (36,7%). The diagnosis decreased cardiac output, impaired activity and impaired urinary elimination (p=0,029) were observed with high frequency in patients with heart failure (p=0,003). There was also an association between acute myocardial infarction and insomnia nursing diagnosis (p=0,014). Sexual dysfunction was associated with age above 60 years (p=0,041). Conclusion: nursing diagnoses showed responses to cardiovascular disease through holistic research.

Nursing Diagnosis; Cardiovascular Diseases; Nursing Process; Cardiology

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