To analyze the early years of internship course in psychiatric nursing of the Escola Anna Nery (EAN) at the Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade do Brasil (IPUB).
Documentary study, which sources were oral and written documents belonging to the collection of EAN. The starting point (1954) refers to the beginning of psychiatric nursing practice activities of EAN at IPUB, and the end point (1962), the year in which was installed a crisis in Psychiatric Nursing discipline.
The following thematic categories emerged: Context of the insertion of Psychiatric Nursing internship of EAN in IPUB; Development of training course in Psychiatric Nursing in IPUB; Psychiatric Nursing education crisis in EAN; Developments to overcome the crisis in nursing care in the EAN/IPUB.
The presence of EAN in IPUB, provided advances in technical and scientific assistance and in psychiatric nursing education.
Psychiatric Nursing; History of Nursing; Schools Nursing; Mental Health