This text is about two constitutive movements in Lev Vygotsky, perceived in two of his works: Mind in Society, the Development of Higher Psychological Processes (2000) and Thought and Language (1991). These movements can be said as archeology in movement and opening of the possible. Through the first one, we follow a return toward ontogenesis and phylogenesis of the dialectic process of development and learning. Through the second one, we perceive the meaning of education inscription, especially on the Zone of Proximal Development, with all the methodological and practical consequences brought by it. The methodology used is a bibliographic research conducted under the inspiration of Paul Ricoeur’s Critical Hermeneutics.
Language; Development; Learning; Archeology; Possible