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Perceiving the body wich learns: theoretical considerations and indicators to evaluate non-verbal language of students from age of basic school

Iris Lima e Silva Ana Cristina M. T. de Almeida Elaine Romero Heron Beresford About the authors

Based on the modern thought of body observation which concerns the dichotomy body/mind, one could develop the difficulty in observing the Man (human being) as a unit in which counts of contributions such as several commands that makes part of it, in an interactive way (biophysic, biophsychic and biosocial). This observation reproduced and carried on in most graduation courses to teachers, is passed on to them and once more the dichotomy is sustained. Consequently, schools now a days still hold a traditional model of class, in which the body is ignored in its gestual language, that translates in most of time, what is not verbalized by the student: emotions, difficulties and existential conflicts. This method of teaching is the biggest concern of brazilian educational system, which in National Curricular Parameters, established main points to humanize and diversifying it. This concern came from the recognition of some communications signs of students from the age of basic school. The students can communicate through a great diversity of channels and currently, they can't express themselves with proficiency only trough verbal language. However, when using other ways to do, some are not understood by their teachers, because sometimes those teachers don't hold some theoretical references or the knowledge to evaluate the conducts and behavior expressed by this language. Thus, this research had the main porpose of present some theoretical considerations about non-verbal language, in the context of human communication, such as establishing some mains points to gestual and affective language of students from the age of basic schools, that allows a better comprehension of those students difficulties .This consideration indicated that non-verbal language, which consists on physical appearance, movements and/or other body expressions, play an important role in human communication, in social relationship and in a cognitive process. So, some experiences that happens in any normal class such as laugh, hands movements, a look special gestures, combat behaviors and adrenaline discharge, can be indicators or parameters to interpret the non -verbal language of students body, allowing the school to be a place where body communication is really important.

Indicators; Interpret; Non-verbal language; Students; Basic school

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