Tasks that assess working memory in children and adolescents: a systematic literature review

Working memory (WM) is an essential component of executive functions for the cognitive development of children. It has effects on learning and cognitive tasks daily. The objective was to review the literature to identify the key tasks that are being used to evaluate the WM and psychometric quality. A review of the literature databases (Pubmed, Medline, Lilacs, SciELO) was performed. Forty-four articles that presented tasks that assessed phonological and / loop or visuospatial sketch and described a total of 20 different task to assess WM were analyzed. It was possible to verify the existence of different tasks to assess WM. It is interesting to build different tasks from the model cognitive proposed. However, you must have theoretical foundation and psychometric studies for the proposed tasks.

working memory; childhood; assessment; executive function

Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia e do Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Caixa Postal 1622, 59078-970 Natal RN Brazil, Tel.: +55 84 3342-2236(5) - Natal - RN - Brazil
E-mail: revpsi@cchla.ufrn.br