The Law n. 10.639-2003 and it's directives approval, which had changed the Law of Directives and Basis for Brazilian Education, assumes a set of substantial changes that has begun to alter the educational public policies in the country. The obligatoriness of ethnic-racial education, as well as afro-Brazilian and African historical and cultural studies in basic education, is a result of the acknowledgement of both racial discrimination and racism as constitutive elements of our social development, as it allows unveiling the African contributions to our Brazilian identity far beyond slavery. The black identity, as a product of cultural multiplicity's political erasure of the people who landed in the country, give place to the prefix afro as a new identification and recreation possibility for the Brazilians who descend from the Africans. This identity can be analyzed trough the diaspora concept.
Ethnic-racial education; Afro-Brazilian; Inequalities; African diaspora