From mass society to civil society: the conception of subjectivity in Gramsci

One of the greatest political and pedagogical challenges at the turn of the century, particularly in Brazil, is to go beyond the life from masses and strengthen a creative civil society which rises of diverse popular aspirations and searches for self-determination, citizenship and active participation in a democratic management of power. The original conception of civil society, delineated by Gramsci, is a source of fundamental inspiration for overcoming the present impasse and for constructing a free and democratic society.

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