Governing education with the expert mirror: an analysis of pisa as a regulation tool

The article analyses the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) as a tool - knowledge-based and knowledge-generator - that participates in the coordination of public action in the field of education. The text is based on a previous research on the supranational fabrication of PISA, carried out within a large-scale European research project on the role of knowledge in Health and Education public policies - Knowandpol. The article examines PISA - and its multiple and related activities of inquiry, organization and publication - as a policy tool, and analyses its cognitive and normative features concerning tree issues: the definition of "educational reality"; the set up of appropriate forms of governing education, and the production of knowledge for policy.

Educational knowledge; International organizations; OECD; PISA; Education policy

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