This work is part of a broader study that investigates the history of alphabetization in the state of Espírito Santo (1870-1920). It analyzes the method of teaching reading and writing concretized in the object lessons by Norman Calkins, translated by Rui Barbosa, and its use in Espírito Santo through the Regulation of Public Instruction of 1882. It concludes that the use of such a method believed in the idea that the educational reform, essential to renew society and the human beings, would be based on the change of methods and teachers. It advocates that this use was essential to help and support the critics to the old methods of spelling and the mutual method in Espírito Santo.
Literacy; Object Lesson Method; Reading; writing