This paper explores the relation between globalization and education contrasting two approaches: one, called the "Global Common Educational Culture" that was developed during twenty years by Professor John Meyer and his colleagues from the University of Stanford (California), the other referred to as a "Globally structured agenda for education", developed by the present author. Whereas the first one connotes an international society or policy constituted by individual, autonomous Nation-States, the second one implies more particularly economical forces operating supra- and trans-nationally to break or exceed national borders, while reconstructing relations among States. We advocate that both approaches considerably differ in each key-dimension of the relationship between globalization and education. They thus differ when appropriating their explanations of the globalization phenomena.
Globalization and Education; Universal Culture of Education; National States and Education