The globalization of a certain model of child and childhood was established in the 20th century through legal documents with a Eurocentric matrix and ideological and cultural hegemony, which had already been identified in the literature of childhood studies. They pointed out the exclusion of children that do not fit in the framework in which these bases are established: the condition of childhood in the middle and upper classes of industrialized societies. The debate about the normativity of childhood is crucial to prevent children from being excluded from the condition of childhood, both theoretically and socially. Furthermore, to understand how the act of disregard to the diversity of childhood limits the scope and analytical capacity of childhood studies, as well as to understand ongoing changes in the relationship between adults and children in the political, educational, cultural, and international dimensions.
Normativity; Childhood; Child rights; Sociology of childhood