This paper discusses anew Plato's criticism to Homer's poetry based on the thesis that, contrary to what is supposed, this discussion is more pertinent to education philosophy than to art theory. Plato's opposition to the educative tradition of poetry - so firmly established in the Greek culture - is above all justified by the requirements of soul education as this philosopher conceived it. Thus, it seems to be more suitable to speak of a "Platonic education theory" in which art occupies an important place than of a "Platonic art theory". Reconstruction of Plato's argumentation is based on The Republic, books III and X.
Plato; Homeric poetry; Greek education