In the debate on the evaluation of higher education, which began in the 1980s, positions oscillate between considering it as an internal process of institutional self-knowledge or as a tool for the State and/or the market to regulate the Institutions. In this context, this paper deals with the process of elaboration and implantation of the National System of Higher Education Evaluation (SINAES) in the government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. It shows that the law presents antagonistic conceptions of evaluation, which receive divergent influences from the Program of Institutional Evaluation of Brazilian Universities (PAIUB) and the National Test of Courses (ENC). It concludes that SINAES has the merit to signalize a change from the conception of evaluation centered on the market to an emphasis on quality improvement. However, the lack of a clear definition of a model to be adopted shows the lack of clarity in the higher education policies conducted under Lula's administration.
Higher education; Higher education evaluation; National System Of Higher Education Evaluation (SINAES); Regulation and evaluation; Higher education control