In Argentina, teachers have traditionally been characterized as part of the middle class or the petty bourgeoisie, depending on the theoretical perspective. This characterization is usually based on the predominantly female composition of teachers as a group and on their character of wives of that portion of the population that occupies "relatively important positions in the social structure". However, few studies have attempted to account for this hypothesis (either to support it or refute it) and most of them are based on unrepresentative samples. The objective of this paper is to develop a characterization based on data from the national population census of 2001 and a conceptualization of the results regarding the existence of possible processes of change in the position of teachers in social structure.
Teacher; Social position; Social structure