This work aims to present a guide to the history of educational policies geared towards indigenous peoples based on their interaction with indigenous policies. The relationship between indigenous issues and education suggests considering how matters of cultural differences serve as a basis for different projects of indigenous education. In the proposed guide, the starting point is the "prevailing assimilationist approach" and "civilizing" period of the early 20th century, marked by the idea of a necessary unity of the nation. This period was then followed by this policy's reform wich acknowledged the importance of bilingual education in the educational process. Finally, the current moment is characterized by the pursuit of recognition of cultural diversity as a fundamental right, posing new challenges for educational policies.
Indigenous education; Indigeneity; Educational policies