Accessibility / Report Error

Anxiety and the use of psychoactive substances among adolescents

This aim of this study was to relate anxiety with psychoactive substances use among adolescents in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil. It is a cross sectional study with 407 students, aged 14 to 18. Data was collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire; the adolescent anxiety scale; and a questionnaire regarding the consumption of psychoactive substances. The analysis of the relationship between psychoactive substance consumption and anxiety was performed using the chi-square and Fisher's exact tests. Alcohol was the most consumed legal substance, with solvents, the most popular illicit substances. A higher percentage of participants presented moderate levels of anxiety: 28%. The lifetime use of solvents (p=0.037) and energy drinks (p=0.023); cigarette (p=0.043) and alcohol (p=0.007) use in the pervious year; and the frequent use of alcohol (p<0.001) correlated with anxiety. The study evidenced the need to carry out health promotion and drug prevention projects aiming to increase the reflection about lifestyle and anxiety.

Adolescent; Anxiety; Drugs


Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Núcleo de Editoração SBI - Campus II, Av. John Boyd Dunlop, s/n. Prédio de Odontologia, 13060-900 Campinas - São Paulo Brasil, Tel./Fax: +55 19 3343-7223 - Campinas - SP - Brazil
E-mail: psychologicalstudies@puc-campinas.edu.br