The use of Social Network Analysis in a study of intergroup relations between affirmative action and regular students in a public university

O uso de Análise de Redes Sociais no estudo das relações intergrupais entre cotistas e não cotistas de uma universidade pública

Elisa Maria Barbosa de Amorim RIBEIRO Adriano de Lemos Alves PEIXOTO José Garcia Vivas MIRANDA Antônio Virgílio Bittencourt BASTOS About the authors

Abstract

Higher education has joined affirmative action and promoted the coexistence between different social groups at universities. This study evaluated the interaction pattern between 926 affirmative action and regular students from 25 different undergraduate programs from a public university using an informal social networks questionnaire. Homophily was the parameter chosen to measure intergroup relations. This behavior was evaluated according to the student’s term, yield rate (percentage of admitted students who enroll), field of knowledge and nature of relationship. The results showed a low degree of integration between groups in highly competitive undergraduate programs. The group of regular students showed a greater tendency for endogeneity. These results point to need to create a culture of inclusion that provides a distribution of resources between different social groups.

Keywords :
Affirmative action; Education, higher; Social integration

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