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Floresta e Ambiente, Volume: 30, Issue: 4, Published: 2023
  • Evaluation of Sampling with Partial Replacement and Double Sampling in a Managed Forest in the Brazilian Amazon Original Article

    Reategui-Betancourt, Jorge L.; Mazzei, Lucas; Rezende, Alba Valéria; Briceño, Guido; Oliveira, Carlos Magno Moreira de; Gaui, Tatiana Dias; Khan, Salman; Figueiredo, Axa Emanuelle S.

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract We compared sampling techniques in a managed native forest in Paragominas, Pará, Brazil. Our goal in this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using Double Sampling (DS) and Sampling with Partial Replacement (SPR), when compared to Continuous Forest Inventory (CFI), to estimate the wood stock for trees with DBH ≥ 20 cm in a managed forest. In our results, DS had the best volume prediction, generating a sampling error of 5.20% (11.48 m³ ha-1) on the second occasion 3.86% (8.78 m³ ha-1). The average volume increment, estimated for the forest in the monitored period (2014-2016) was 6.88 m³ ha-1, with a relative sampling error of 63.09%. Therefore, as an alternative and of low cost, we suggest using DS in successive forest inventories in monitoring areas of forest resources in the Brazilian Amazon.
  • Improving the Performance Properties of Impregnated Wood with its Subsequent Utilization into a Biochar Sorbent Original Article

    Zhuzhukin, Konstantin; Tomina, Elena; Ponomarev, Andrey; Skudar, Danil; Belchinskaya, Larisa; Grodetskaya, Tatiana; Lukin, Anatoly; Tretyakov, Alexander

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Wood is a common natural polymeric material with hydrophilicity and low biostability with a limited service life. The article considers the issue of using a multicomponent composition (used motor oil, rosin, paraffin) for impregnating birch wood and giving it increased water resistance, bio- and dimensional stability. The possibility of recycling the used impregnated wood to obtain a biochar adsorbent was shown. The impregnating composition was characterized by the FTIR method to assess the possibility of interaction between the functional groups of the impregnating composition and wood. Moisture and water absorption decreased by more than 4 and 6 times. Volumetric swelling decreased by 57% relative to untreated wood, the effectiveness against swelling after 30 days was 46%. The high efficiency of the impregnating composition against the wood biodegradation has been established. The method of micro-X-ray tomography determined a high degree of filling of the anatomical structures of wood.
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