Accessibility / Report Error

Multisensory and closed kinetic chain exercises on the functional capacity and balance in elderly women: blinded randomized clinical trial

Exercícios multissensoriais e de cadeia cinética fechada sobre a capacidade funcional e o equilíbrio em idosas: ensaio clínico randomizado cego

Luiz Gustavo Padovini Ferreira Caio Vitor dos Santos Genebra Nicoly Machado Maciel Eduardo Aguilar Arca Alexandre Fiorelli Alberto De Vitta About the authors

Abstract

Introduction:

The aging process causes losses that lead to decreased balance, gait speed and functional capacity and, therefore, there is a need of specific protocols to work preventively these variables, which will contribute to the decrease in the frequency of falls in this population.

Objective:

Verify the effect of a program of multisensory and closed kinetic chain exercises on the functional capacity and balance in elderly women.

Methods:

Randomized clinical trial masked (blind). Subjects were 32 elderly women from the Centro de Convivência of the Bauru Department of Social Welfare (Secretaria de Bem-Estar Social de Bauru) distributed in two groups: control (CG = 15) and experimental (EG = 17). Interventions: The program of multisensory and closed kinetic chain exercises was applied during an hour, once a week, for 12 weeks. Main measures: Functional capacity was measured by Timed Up and Go (TUG) and the 10-meter walking test (TC10) and their balance by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS).

Results:

Regarding the comparison between the moments M1 and M2 of the EG after the intervention, there was a statistically significant increase in the functional capability (p = 0.00006), walking speed (p = 0.0008) and balance (p = 0.0006).

Conclusion:

The multisensory and closed kinetic chain-training program indicated a beneficial effect in the improvement of the elderly women balance and functional performance.

Keywords:
Exercise; Health of the Elderly; Postural Balance; Accidental Falls

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná Rua Imaculada Conceição, 1155 - Prado-Velho -, Curitiba - PR - CEP 80215-901, Telefone: (41) 3271-1608 - Curitiba - PR - Brazil
E-mail: revista.fisioterapia@pucpr.br