Evaluation of the effects of a sensorial-motor program in the gait pattern of aged females

INTRODUCTION: Many changes that take place with aging have an impact of a functional nature and result, as one of the most important consequences, in disorders in the gait pattern of the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a sensorial-motor program on the gait pattern of elderly females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fulfilling the exclusion and inclusion criteria, a group of volunteers was formed comprised of 15 elderly females who were submitted to analysis of the marching pattern by videometry, whose images were processed by the software DgeeMe 1.0. After that, they were submitted to a sensorial-motor training, by means of a circuit which included eight exercise stations with proprioceptive and balance stimuli. The frequency of training was three weekly sessions with duration of 30 minutes, for two months. Then, a new analysis of the gait was carried out, considering the temporal and spatial components. RESULTS: In spite of the improvement in the temporal and spatial components of the gait, a statistical significance was verified only for the result observed in the variable of length of step (p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: It was concluded that the sensorial-motor training, even though it is able to improve the balance of the elderly subject, bringing her safety to develop the gait, can not affect this function directly in its biomechanical aspects.

Aged; Gait; Balance

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