Effects of different methods of physical training and the habit of walking on functional balance of elderly

Carla Helrigle Lucila Pessuti Ferri Carolina Pereira de Oliveira Netta Jessika Barbosa Belem Tais Malysz About the authors

INTRODUCTION: The balance disorders are among the most common complaints of the elderly population and constitute a medical problem of high relevance. OBJECTIVE: To compare the influence of the practice of various methods of physical training and habit of walking on the balance of elderly residents in Jataí, Goias State, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-five elderly were divided into five groups according to the habit of walking and the sport practiced: sedentary (n = 39), active sedentary (n = 37), hidrogymnastics (n = 25), weightlifting (n = 10) and walking training (n = 24). Functional balance was assessed by the results achieved in the Berg Balance Scale. Data were expressed as mean and standard error deviation and compared by analysis of variance One-Way followed by Tukey's post hoc test (p < 0.05) using software SPSS 12.0. RESULTS: The sedentary and active sedentary groups assets reached values of 48.89 ± 0.87 and 52.45 ± 0.47, respectively in the scale. The elderly trained practitioners of hidrogymnastics had a score of 54.04 ± 0.33, the bodybuilders 53 ± 0.52 and walking training 53.45 ± 0.51. Statistical analysis showed that both active sedentary and trained groups had higher score on the Berg Scale compared with sedentary group (p < 0.05). There were no statistical differences between different groups of trained elderly and even those trained with the group of active sedentary group. CONCLUSION: Both the habit of walking as a regular practice of and hydrogymnastics, weightlifting and walking training for more than six months, increase the functional balance of the elderly.

Elderly; Training; Balance

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