Abstract in English:Abstract Investigating the etiological causes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at the molecular level should help in identifying targets and strategies that would increase the efficacy of the current management regimens. Some genes may act as molecular diagnostics, of these ASXL1 and PHF6 are involved in regulation of gene expression, and BAX , and ARC, are pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules, respectively. In this study, peripheral blood samples were collected from 54 recently diagnosed AML patients in addition to 20 healthy individuals (the control group). Cellular RNA was extracted from all the samples and were subjected to quantitative analysis of the transcript levels of the four selected markers. Our data showed a significant elevation in the expression levels of PHF6 and ARC in AML patients, when compared to the controls (77.8% and 83.3%, respectively). On the other hand, ASXL1 and BAX exhibited increase, to a lesser extent, in the expression levels of the AML patients (52% and 55.6%, respectively). Our study also showed that the expression levels of ARC and PHF6 exhibited a concomitant increase and this could be correlated with poor prognosis of the cases. Thus, we can suggest these markers as reliable prognostic markers for prediction of AML outcomes.
Abstract in English:Abstract Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) plays a critical role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between microRNA-149 (miR-149) and BACE1, and evaluate the clinical significance and biological function of miR-149 in AD progression. Bioinformatics analysis and a luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm the interaction between miR-149 and BACE1. Expression of miR-149 and BACE1 was estimated using quantitative real-time PCR. The clinical significance of miR-149 in AD diagnosis and severity determination was evaluated using ROC analysis. The effect of miR-149 on Aβ accumulation and neuronal viability was analyzed in Aβ-treated SH-SY5Y cells. miR-149 was found directly binding the 3’-UTR of BACE1 and was negatively correlated with BACE1 in AD patients and cell model. Serum miR-149 expression was downregulated in AD patients and served as a potential diagnostic biomarker. The overexpression of miR-149 in Aβ-treated SH-SY5Y cells resulted in inhibited Aβ accumulation and enhanced neuronal viability. This study demonstrated that serum miR-149 is decreased in AD patients and serves as a candidate diagnostic biomarker, and that the overexpression of miR-149 may suppress Aβ accumulation and promote neuronal viability by targeting BACE1 in AD model cells.
Abstract in English:Abstract The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of lysosomal storage disorders caused by 11 enzyme deficiencies, classified into seven types. Data on the birth prevalence of each MPS type are available for only a few countries, and the totality of cases may be underestimated. To determine the epidemiological profile of MPS in each Brazilian region, we analyzed data collected between 1982 and 2019 by a national reference laboratory and identified 1,652 patients. Using data between 1994 and 2018, the birth prevalence (by 100,000 live births) for MPS was 1.57. MPS II was the most common type of MPS in Brazil, and its birth prevalence was 0.48 (0.94 considering only male births). Regarding the number of cases per region, MPS II was the most frequent in the North and Center-West (followed by MPS VI), and also in the Southeast (followed by MPS I); MPS I and MPS II were the most common types in the South; and MPS VI was the most common in the Northeast (followed by MPS II). The differences observed in the relative frequencies of MPS types across Brazilian regions are likely linked to founder effect, endogamy, and consanguinity, but other factors may be present and need further investigation.
Abstract in English:Abstract Male breast cancer (MBC) is a rare malignancy that accounts for about 1.8% of all breast cancer cases. In contrast to the high number of the “omics” studies in breast cancer in women, only recently molecular approaches have been performed in MBC research. High-throughput proteomics based methodologies are promisor strategies to characterize the MBC proteomic signatures and their association with clinico-pathological parameters. In this study, the label-free quantification-mass spectrometry and bioinformatics approaches were applied to analyze the proteomic profiling of a MBC case using the primary breast tumor and the corresponding axillary metastatic lymph nodes and adjacent non-tumor breast tissues. The differentially expressed proteins were identified in the signaling pathways of granzyme B, sirtuins, eIF2, actin cytoskeleton, eNOS, acute phase response and calcium and were connected to the upstream regulators MYC, PI3K SMARCA4 and cancer-related chemical drugs. An additional proteomic comparative analysis was performed with a primary breast tumor of a female patient and revealed an interesting set of proteins, which were mainly involved in cancer biology. Together, our data provide a relevant data source for the MBC research that can help the therapeutic strategies for its management.
Abstract in English:Abstract Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of death by this disease in women worldwide. Among the factors involved in tumorigenesis, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their differential expression have been associated. Differences in gene expression may be triggered by variations in DNA sequence, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In the present study, we analyzed the rs527616 (C>G), located in the lncRNA AQP4-AS1, using PCR-SSP in 306 BC patients and 312 controls, from a Brazilian population. In the BC group, the frequency found for CG heterozygotes was above the expected and the overdominant model is the best one to explain our results (OR: 1.70, IC 95%: 1.23-2.34, P<0.001). Furthermore, the SNP were associated with age at BC diagnosis and the risk genotype more frequent in the older age group. According to TCGA data, AQP4-AS1 is down-regulated in BC tissue, and the overexpression is associated with better prognoses, including Luminal A, HER2-, stage 1 of disease and smaller tumor. In conclusion, the CG genotype is associated with increased susceptibility in the southern Brazilian population. This SNP is mapped in the lncRNA AQP4-AS1, showing differential expression in BC samples. Based on these results, we emphasize the potential of the role of AQP4-AS1 in cancer.
Abstract in English:Abstract Breast cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease, and it is the leading cause of death among women. NORAD and HCG11 are highly similar lncRNAs that present binding sites for PUMILIO proteins. PUMILIO acts on hundreds of mRNA targets, contributing to the modulation of gene expression. We analyzed the expression levels of NORAD and HCG11 in the BC subtypes luminal A (LA) and basal-like (BL), and the regulatory networks associated with these lncRNAs. In the analysis of TCGA cohort (n=329) and Brazilian BC samples (n=44), NORAD was up-regulated in LA while HCG11 was up-regulated in BL subtype. An increased expression of NORAD is associated with reduced disease-free survival in basal-like patients (p = 0.002), which suggests that its prognostic value could be different in specific subtypes. The biological pathways observed for the HCG11 network are linked to the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition; while NORAD associated pathways appear to be related to luminal epithelial cell transformation. NORAD and HCG11 regulons respectively present 36% and 21.5% of PUMILIO targets, which suggests that these lncRNAs act as a decoy for PUMILIO. These lncRNAs seem to work as players in the differentiation process that drives breast cells to acquire distinct phenotypes related to a specific BC subtype.
Abstract in English:Abstract Bladder cancer has a high incidence worldwide and is the most common genitourinary cancer. The treatment of bladder cancer involves surgery and chemotherapy; however high failure rates and toxicity are observed. In this context, the search of new drugs aiming a more effective treatment is extremely necessary. Natural products are an important source of compounds with antiproliferative effects. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring plant polyphenol whose anticancer activity has been demonstrated in different types of cancer. This review summarizes the in vitro and in vivo studies using models of bladder cancer treated with resveratrol and discusses its different mechanisms of action.
Abstract in English:Abstract The complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of Stereolepis doederleini was sequenced from a specimen collected in a commercial aquarium in Jeju Island. The sequence was 16,513 base pairs in length and, similar to other vertebrate mt genomes, included 37 mt genes and a noncoding control region; the gene order was identical to that of typical vertebrate mt genome. Mitochondrial genome sequences of 17 species from 12 families were used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships within the order Pempheriformes. The phylogenetic trees were constructed with three methods (neighbor joining [NJ], maximum likelihood [ML], and Bayesian method) using 12 protein coding genes, but not ND6. In all phylogenetic trees, Pempheriformes were clustered into three strongly supported clades. Two Acropomatidae species (Synagrops japonicus in clade-Ⅰ and Doederleinia berycoides in clade-Ⅲ) were polyphyletic; S. japonicus was close to Lateolabracidae and was the sister of Glaucosomatidae + (Pempheridae/(Percophidae+Creediidae)), and D. berycoides was sister to Howellidae + Epigonidae. All phylogenetic trees supported a sister relationship between Creediidae and Percophidae in clade-Ⅰ. Glaucosomatidae formed a sister clade with Pempheridae. The relationships within clade-Ⅱ, which was composed of four families (Pentacerotidae, Polyprionidae, Banjosidae, and Bathyclupeidae), slightly differed between NJ/ML and BI tree topologies. In clade-Ⅲ, the relationships among Howellidae, Epigonidae, and Acropomatidae were strongly supported.
Abstract in English:Abstract The main objective of this study was to estimate the genetic diversity levels and haplotype traceability in pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus from the breeding program located in Brazil by analyses of the mitochondrial DNA control region (mtDNA). Moreover, broodstocks from eight commercial fish farms were used for comparative evaluation, four from Brazil (Br1-Br4) and four from Argentina (Ar1-Ar4). The descriptive results revealed 47 polymorphic sites and 51 mutations, which evidenced 34 haplotypes. Ten haplotypes were shared among fish farms and 24 were exclusive. The nucleotide diversity (π) ranged from 0.00031 to 0.01462 and haplotype diversity (Hd) from 0.125 to 0.868. The analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) indicated high structure present in the analyzed stocks (F ST = 0.13356 and ФST = 0.52707). The genetic diversity was high in most of the commercial broodstocks, especially those from Brazil. We observed seven haplotypes in the genetic breeding population, of which four were exclusive and three shared among the commercial fish farms. The genetic diversity was moderate (π = 0.00265 and Hd = 0.424) and considered appropriated for this breeding population of pacu. Our results provide support for the genetic diversity maintenance and mtDNA traceability of pacu commercial broodstocks.
Abstract in English:Abstract The vacuolar-type sodium/proton antiporter is considered to play an important role in withstanding salt stress by transporting sodium ions into vacuoles. In this study, the gene structures of three kinds of vacuolar-type antiporters transcribed in bread wheat under salt stress were analyzed. After spraying 0.5 M NaCl to seedlings of wheat cultivar Chinese Spring, 1,392~1,400 bp cDNA fragments were isolated by RT-PCR using primers designed from common regions in rice OsNHX1 and Atriplex subcordata AgNHX1. Next, the entire structure of the genomic DNA and cDNA were determined via CapFishing-5’ Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE), 3’RACE, and genomic PCR cloning. As a result, 3 kinds of vacuolar-type Na+/H+ antiporter genes, TaNHXa (genome DNA 4,255 bp, cDNA 2,414 bp, 539 a.a.), TaNHXb (gDNA 4,167 bp, cDNA 1,898 bp, 539 a.a.) and TaNHXc (gDNA 4,966 bp, cDNA 1,928 bp, 547 a.a.), were identified. They encode 12 transmembrane domains containing third domain’s amyloid binding sites (FFIYLLPP), characteristic of the vacuolar-type Na+/H+ antiporter, binding to the cell vacuolar membrane. TaNHXa, b and c consisting of 14 exons and 13 introns were 22~55 % longer than A. thaliana AtNHX1 in total length. TaNHXa (TaNHX2) showed homogeneity with OsNHX1, while TaNHXb and c were phylogenetically independent.
Abstract in English:Abstract Brazilian Purpuric Fever (BPF) is a hemorrhagic pediatric illness caused by Haemophilus influenzae biogroup aegyptius (Hae), a bacterium that was formerly associated with self-limited purulent conjunctivitis. BPF is assumed to be eradicated. However, the virulence mechanisms inherent to Hae strains associated with BPF is still a mystery and deficient in studies. Here, we aim to analyze the role of the autotransporter genes related to adherence and colonization las, tabA1, and hadA genes through RT-qPCR expression profiling and knockout mutants. Relative quantification by real-time PCR after infection in human cells and infant rat model suggests that las was initially downregulated probably duo to immune evasion, tabA1, and hadA were overexpressed in general, suggesting an active role of TabA1 and HadA1 adhesins in Hae in vitro and in vivo. Transformation attempts were unsuccessful despite the use of multiple technical approaches and in silico analysis revealed that Hae lacks genes related to competence in Haemophilus, which could be part of the elucidation of the difficulty of genetically manipulating Hae strains.
Abstract in English:Abstract Banana vascular wilt or Moko is a disease caused by Ralstonia solanacearum. This study aimed to sequence, assemble, annotate, and compare the genomes of R. solanacearum Moko ecotypes of different sequevar strains from Brazil. Average nucleotide identity analyses demonstrated a high correlation (> 96%) between the genome sequences of strains CCRMRs277 (sequevar IIA-24), CCRMRs287 (IIB-4), CCRMRs304 (IIA-24), and CCRMRsB7 (IIB-25), which were grouped into phylotypes IIA and IIB. The number of coding sequences present in chromosomes and megaplasmids varied from 3,070 to 3,521 and 1,669 to 1,750, respectively. Pangenome analysis identified 3,378 clusters in the chromosomes, of which 2,604 were shared by all four analyzed genomes and 2,580 were single copies. In megaplasmids, 1,834 clusters were identified, of which 1,005 were shared by all four genomes and 992 were identified as single copies. Strains CCRMRsB7 and CCRMRs287 differed from the others by having unique clusters in both their chromosomes and megaplasmids, and CCRMRsB7 possessed the largest genome among all Moko ecotype strains sequenced to date. Therefore, the genomic information obtained in this study provides a theoretical basis for the identification, characterization, and phylogenetic analysis of R. solanacearum Moko ecotypes.
Abstract in English:Abstract Plant growth-promoting bacteria are ecological alternatives for fertilization, mainly for gramineous. Since plant x bacteria interaction is genotype and strain dependent, searching for new strains may contribute to the development of new biofertilizers. We aim to characterize plant growth-promoting capacity of Leclercia adecarboxylata strain Palotina, formerly isolated by our group in corn. A single isolated colony was taken and its genome was sequenced using Illumina technology. The whole genome was compared to other Leclercia adecarboxylata strains, and their biological and growth-promoting traits, such as P solubilization and auxin production, were tested. Following that, a 4.8 Mb genome of L. adecarboxylata strain Palotina was assembled and the functional annotation was carried out. This paper is the first to report the genes associated with plant growth promotion demonstrating in vitro indole acid production by this strain. These results project the endophyte as a potential biofertilizer for further commercial exploitation.
Abstract in English:Abstract S. pneumoniae, commonly known as pneumococcus, is a naturally competent Gram-positive bacterium and is the major cause of pneumonia in elderly and children in developing countries. This pathogen is associated with respiratory diseases affected by pollution. The objective of this work was determining the effect of ash and environmental dust from the burning of sugarcane on pneumococci bacterial transformation. The transformation capacity of the Pn360 pneumococci strain was performed using the assays of DNA donor of mutant for luxS gene. Thus, the transformation tests were performed in contact with dust collected in the southwestern region of Brazil (important region where burning of sugar cane is present in the agriculture). The use of degradative practices in the sugar cane agriculture in Brazil was involved in the transformation capacity of the S. pneumoniae. This phenomenon includes important consequences for public health concerning to resistance acquisition and new virulence factors of this important infection. In conclusion, we obtained important results concerning the action of environmental pollution in Streptococcus pneumoniae transformation, increasing the DNA acquisition for this pathogen.
Abstract in English:Abstract Palmitic acid, the main saturated fatty acid, is related with a wide range of metabolic disorders such as obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. It is known that palmitic acid disturbs the expression of some important proteins for cell homeostasis such as SERCA and RGS2, however, the role of this lipid at the molecular level in these disorders is not completely elucidated. Thus, our aim was to determinate the effect of palmitic acid in a relevant cell process as it is cell migration and the participation of SERCA and RGS2 in this response. We found that palmitic acid reduces cell migration (determined by the Boyden chamber method) in an epithelial cell line (HEK293) and this effect is modulated by SERCA and RGS2 differential protein expression (measured by western blot). Also, overexpression of individual proteins, RGS2 and SERCA, produced a decrease and an increase on cell migration, respectively. Taken together, these data suggest that the expression of regulatory proteins is affected by high concentrations of saturated fatty acids and in consequence cell migration is diminished in epithelial cells.
Abstract in English:Abstract Influenza A viruses (IAV) are enveloped viruses carrying a single-stranded negative-sense RNA genome. Detection of host proteins having a relationship with IAV and revealing of the role of these proteins in the viral replication are of great importance in keeping IAV infections under control. Consequently, the importance of human DDX56, which is determined to be associated with a viral NS1 with a yeast two-hybrid assay, was investigated for IAV replication. The viral replication in knocked down cells for the DDX56 gene was evaluated. The NS1 was co-precipitated with the DDX56 protein in lysates of cells transiently expressing DDX56 and NS1 or infected with the viruses, showing that NS1 and DDX56 interact in mammalian cells. Viral NS1 showed a tendency to co-localize with DDX56 in the cells, transiently expressing both of these proteins, which supports the IP and two-hybrid assays results. The data obtained with in silico predictions supported the in vitro protein interaction results. The viral replication was significantly reduced in the DDX56-knockdown cells comparing with that in the control cells. In conclusion, human DDX56 protein interacts with the IAV NS1 protein in both yeast and mammalian cells and has a positive regulatory effect on IAV replication. However, the mechanism of DDX56 on IAV replication requires further elucidation.