The present paper approaches, through a democratic perspective, the relationship between law and sexuality. Starting with the history of the genesis of this debate in the widest core of the Reproductive and Sexual Rights discourse, it proposes an analysis of the "sexual rights", through the lenses of the fundamental principles and dimensions that concern the exercise of sexuality. Freedom, equality and non-discrimination, as well as the protection of human dignity are the keystones that structure the development of a democratic right of sexuality, consistent with pluralistic and lay views required by contemporary democratic societies. Within such conceptual framework the paper considers the protective, defensive and positive dimensions of these fundamental human rights, as well as the main topics and arguments against them, relevant to a broad and structured comprehension of the sexual rights.
homesexuality; human rights; sexuality; sexual rights